Gamaliel II

(1st century)
   Nasi. Gamaliel II succeeded JOCHANAN BENZAKKAI as the leader of the remnants of the Palestine Jewish community that had its centre at Jabneh after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70. As a lineal descendant of HILLEL, he had the hereditary title of nasi, or patriarch, and was accepted by the Roman authorities as the Jewish spokesman. In his personal life, Gamaliel was modest and tolerant. But after the disaster that had befallen his people, he was determined to use his office as a focus of authority, and to establish the bet din (tribunal) over which he presided as the sole organ in matters of religious law. Driven by this need for cohesion, he acted in ways which sometimes appeared to his fellow sages as dictatorial and arbitrary. For instance, he had his own brother-in-law, Rabbi ELIEZER BEN- HYRCANUS, excommunicated for refusing to accept the majority view on a point of interpretation.
   Gamaliel’s most serious conflict was with Rabbi JOSHUA BEN-HANANIAH. When the latter calculated the coming of the new moon on a different day from Gamaliel’s computation, he was ordered to appear before the nasi on what would be the Day of Atonement by his reckoning, carrying money and a staff - both prohibited on the Holy Day. When Joshua did so, Gamaliel rose and kissed him saying, ‘come in peace my teacher and pupil - my teacher in wisdom and my pupil because you have accepted my decision.’ When Gamaliel again humiliated Joshua over another dispute, he was deposed as patriarch and Rabbi Eliezer ben- Azariah was appointed in his place. Gamaliel showed his nobility of character by continuing to participate in the discussions and decisions, and was later reinstated.
   During Gamaliel’s term of office, important features of post-Temple religious practice were settled - such as the form of the Passover feast, the prayers three times a day, and the eighteen benedictions at the Amidah - and impetus was given to the process of halachic interpretation, which led to the compiling of the Mishnah under the auspices of JUDAH HA-NASI. At his own prior request, Gamaliel was not given an ornate funeral but was buried in a simple linen garment, an example which set a pattern for the future.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gamaliel — (hebräisch aramäisch גמליאל, etwa „Gott versorgt mich“) ist der Name folgender Personen: Gamaliel I. (auch Gamaliel der Alte; † 50), jüdischer Patriarch Gamaliel II. (Rabban Gamliel de Jabneh; auch Rabban Gamliel beRibbi; † 114), jüdischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gamaliel — • Famous Pharisee and Rabbi Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Gamaliel     Gamaliel     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gamaliel I. — Gamaliel I. Gamaliel I. bzw. Rabban Gamaliel der Ältere (Patriarch ca. 9 50) ( רבן גמליאל הזקן) war ein jüdischer Patriarch und die bedeutendste Persönlichkeit des rabbinischen Judentums um die Mitte des ersten nachchristlichen Jahrhunderts. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gamaliel VI — Gamaliel VI. war der letzte jüdische Patriarch von 400 415. Die Absetzung des letzten jüdischen Patriarchen, Gamaliel VI., am 17. Oktober 415 wird im 22. Edikt des achten Kapitels des 16. Buchs des Codex Theodosianus erwähnt. Die Gründe seiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gamaliel IV — (probably late 3rd Century CE) (also known as Gamaliel IV ben Judah II, being the son of the nasi Judah II) was and father of Judah III.Gamaliel was the president of the Sanhedrin between 270 and 290 CE. However, due to persecution of an… …   Wikipedia

  • Gamaliel V. — Gamaliel V. (reg. 365 380) (רבן גמליאל החמישי) war ein jüdischer Patriarch. Er war der Sohn und Nachfolger des Patriarchen Hillel II. Die Vollendung und Perfektion des jüdischen Kalender im Jahre 359 wird dem Patriarchen Gamaliel V. zugeschrieben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gamaliel VI. — Gamaliel VI. war der letzte jüdische Patriarch von 400 415. Die Absetzung des letzten jüdischen Patriarchen, Gamaliel VI., am 17. Oktober 415 wird im 22. Edikt des achten Kapitels des 16. Buchs des Codex Theodosianus erwähnt. Die Gründe seiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gamaliel VI — was the last Nasi of the ancient Jewish Sanhedrin. He was executed in 425 at the orders of the Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius II for authorizing the building of new synagogues. Theodosius did not allow the appointment of a successor, thereby… …   Wikipedia

  • Gamaliel d. Ä. — Gamaliel d. Ä.,   Gamaliel der Alte, Führer des pharisäischen Judentums in der ersten Hälfte des 1. Jahrhunderts n. Chr., Großvater von Gamaliel II., Enkel des Hillel; Vorsitzender des Synedriums; nach Apostelgeschichte 22, 3 Lehrer des Apostels… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gamaliel — Gamaliel, KY U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 439 Housing Units (2000): 213 Land area (2000): 0.843551 sq. miles (2.184788 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.843551 sq. miles (2.184788 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gamaliel, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 439 Housing Units (2000): 213 Land area (2000): 0.843551 sq. miles (2.184788 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.843551 sq. miles (2.184788 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.