Friedlaender, David

(1750–1834)
   Leader of Prussian Jewish emancipation. A well-to-do Berlin silk manufacturer, Friedlaender was strongly influenced by Moses MENDELSSOHN, who launched the movement for the emancipation of the German Jews, and their adjustment to Western culture. While rejecting Orthodox Jewish practice, Friedlaender did not seek baptism as many of his contemporaries did. His outlook was based on Mosaic monotheism, which he considered could become common ground between Jews and Protestants.
   For several decades before the 1812 reforms in Prussia, Friedlaender led the struggle for civil liberties for the Jews in that country. In 1778 he helped to found a Jewish ‘free school’ in which the pupils were taught the local laws instead of the Talmud. He also remodelled synagogue prayer services, turning them away from the traditional attachment to Jerusalem. His views and activities made him one of the pioneers of the Reform Judaism which was to sweep through German Jewry in the 19 century and would be transplanted to the United States.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FRIEDLAENDER, DAVID — (1750–1834), communal leader and author in Berlin, a pioneer of the practice and ideology of assimilation and a forerunner of reform judaism . Born in Koenigsberg, the son of a protected Jew, Joachim Moses Friedlaender, a wholesale merchant,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • David, Jacques-Louis — born Aug. 30, 1748, Paris, France died Dec. 29, 1825, Brussels French painter. At 18 he entered the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. In 1775 he went to Rome and became a proponent of the Neoclassical style, but also studied the work of… …   Universalium

  • Friedlaender — bzw. Friedländer ist der Name folgender Personen: Adolf A. Friedländer (1870−1949), österreichischer Neurologe Alfred von Friedländer Malheim (1860−1927), österreichischer Maler Benedict Friedlaender (1866−1908), deutscher Sexualwissenschaftler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DAVID (Tevele) BEN NATHAN OF LISSA — (d. 1792), Galician rabbi. Born in Brody, David served as rabbi of Horochow and, from 1774 until his death, of Lissa. He was in halakhic correspondence with ezekiel landau and akiva b. moses eger . In the controversy over the cleves Get he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Paul Friedlaender — Friedlaender bzw. Friedländer ist der Name folgender Personen: Adolf A. Friedländer (1870−1949), österreichischer Neurologe Alfred von Friedländer Malheim (1860−1927), österreichischer Maler Benedict Friedlaender (1866−1908), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Friedlaender — Walter Ferdinand Friedlaender (* 10. März 1873 in Glogau; † 6. oder 8. September 1966 in New York) war ein deutscher Kunsthistoriker. Er emigrierte 1933 in die USA und lehrte an der New York University. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • painting, Western — ▪ art Introduction       history of Western painting from its beginnings in prehistoric times to the present.       Painting, the execution of forms and shapes on a surface by means of pigment (but see also drawing for discussion of depictions in …   Universalium

  • Liste der Biografien/Fri — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CALLIGRAPHY, MODERN HEBREW — Origins The origins of modern Hebrew calligraphy can be found in two ways. One can seek its sources in Hebrew scribal traditions, or one can see it as part of the international revival of calligraphy as an art form, a movement that has grown… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BERLIN — BERLIN, largest city and capital of Germany. The Old Community (1295–1573) Jews are first mentioned in a letter from the Berlin local council of Oct. 28, 1295, forbidding wool merchants to supply Jews with wool yarn. Suzerainty over the Jews… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.