Frankfurter, Felix

(1882–1965)
   US Supreme Court judge and Zionist. Frankfurter was one of the Jewish immigrant boys who rose to distinguished positions in American life. His family arrived from Vienna and settled in the Lower East Side of New York when he was twelve years old. After a brilliant degree from Harvard Law School, he worked as an assistant to Henry L.Stimson when the latter was United States Attorney in New York and then secretary of war in Washington.
   In 1914, Frankfurter was appointed to the chair of administrative law at Harvard. During the New Deal period he was a friend and adviser of President Franklin D.Roosevelt, but was unwilling to accept an official post in the administration. In 1939, Roosevelt appointed him to a vacancy on the US Supreme Court and he remained on the bench until he retired in 1962. Though he belonged to the liberal wing of the court, together with Judge BRANDEIS, his judicial philosophy called for a balance between the civil liberties of the individual and a respect for judicial process and the needs of organized society. Felix Frankfurter was drawn into the Zionist movement through Brandeis. In 1919, he acted as legal adviser to the Zionist delegation at the Paris Peace Conference. Through T.E.Lawrence he met the main Arab spokesman, Emir FEISAL I, and helped Dr WEIZMANN work out with Feisal a basis for Arab- Jewish understanding and co-operation that was reduced to writing and signed. In a famous letter addressed to Frankfurter, Feisal affirmed his belief that the Arab and Jewish national movements complemented each other, and welcomed the return of the Jews to their homeland.
   Soon after, in 1921, the Zionist movement split on policy differences between Weizmann and the American group led by Brandeis and Julian Mack, who withdrew from active participation. After that Frankfurter no longer held any official Zionist position. However, he remained personally involved, visited Palestine several times, and took a special interest in the Hebrew University. His memoirs were published in 1960 under the title Felix Frankfurter Reminisces.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • FRANKFURTER, FELIX — (1882–1965), U.S. jurist. Frankfurter, who was born in Vienna, was taken to the United States at the age of 12. His parents settled on the Lower East Side of New York, where his father, scion of a long line of rabbis, was a modest tradesman.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Frankfurter, Felix — born Nov. 15, 1882, Vienna, Austria Hungary died Feb. 22, 1965, Washington, D.C., U.S. Austrian born U.S. jurist and public official. Immigrating to the U.S. at the age of 12, he was educated at the City College of New York and Harvard Law School …   Universalium

  • Frankfurter, Felix — (1882 1965)    Born in Austria, Felix Frankfurter’s family moved to the United States in 1894. Frankfurter gained a law degree at City College of New York and went on to Harvard University, where he graduated in 1906. He practiced briefly in New… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Frankfurter,Felix — Frank·furt·er (frăngkʹfər tər), Felix. 1882 1965. Austrian born American jurist. A founder of the American Civil Liberties Union, he served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1939 1962). * * * …   Universalium

  • Frankfurter, Felix — (1882 1965)    American jurist. He was born in Vienna and was taken to New York at the age of 12. He served as professor at Harvard Law School (1914 39), and associate justice of the US Supreme Court (1939 62). In 1919 he was the legal adviser to …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Frankfurter, Felix — (15 nov. 1882, Viena, Austria–Hungría–22 feb. 1965, Washington, D.C., EE.UU.). Jurista y funcionario público estadounidense nacido en Austria. Emigró a EE.UU. a la edad de 12 años, se educó en el City College de Nueva York y en la escuela de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frankfurter, Felix —  (1882–1965) American jurist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Felix Frankfurter — (né le 15 novembre 1882) était un juge américain siégeant à la Cour suprême des États Unis. Originaire de New York, il étudia au City College of New York, avant de brillantes études à Harvard. Il fut nommé à la Cour suprême des États Unis par …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Felix Frankfurter — [Felix Frankfurter] (1882–1965) a US ↑Supreme Court judge (1939–62), born in Austria. He believed in ‘judicial restraint’, the idea that judges should not try to influence government policies through their decisions in courts of law. He helped to …   Useful english dictionary

  • Felix — /fee liks/, n. a male given name: from a Latin word meaning happy, lucky. * * * (as used in expressions) Bloch Felix Candela Felix Frankfurter Felix Laue Max Theodor Felix von Mendelssohn Bartholdy Jakob Ludwig Felix Schwarzenberg Felix prince zu …   Universalium

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