Elimelech of Lyzhansk
- (Elimelech Lipmann)(1717–87)Chassidic leader. Sons of a rich land-owner in Poland, Elimelech and his brother Zusya ‘went into exile’ - wandered from village to village spreading Chassidism and emulating the exile of the Holy Presence (Shechinah) in the Diaspora. After the death of his teacher DOV BAER, Elimelech himself was the uncrowned head of the chassidic movement, and Lyzhansk in Galicia, where he lived, was a place of pilgrimage for the Chassidim.The most important element which Elimelech added to Chassidism was the mystical doctrine of the zaddik, the holy man who was the leader in all areas of life. Through his spiritual contact with the higher powers, the zaddik could intercede for his followers; and by his own ‘fall’ could bring about the spiritual renewal of the community. The zaddik was supported, sometimes in considerable splendour, by his Chassidim.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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ELIMELECH OF LYZHANSK — (1717–1787), popular ẓaddik of the third generation of Ḥasidim and one of the founders of Ḥasidism in Galicia. Elimelech was a disciple of dov baer the Maggid of Mezhirech and is considered the theoretician and creator of practical ẓaddikism.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TEOMIM, ARYEH LEIB — (d. 1831), Galician rabbi and author. In his youth Teomim became famous as a prodigy and while still very young was chosen rabbi of Lyzhansk (Lezajsk) in Galicia. Despite his youth he vigorously opposed Ḥasidism which began to spread in Galicia,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ZUSYA (Meshulam Zusya) OF HANIPOLI — (Annopol; d. 1800), early ḥasidic leader; he was an outstanding disciple of dov baer , the Maggid of Mezhirech, brother of elimelech of lyzhansk , and one of the best known heroes of ḥasidic folktales. Zusya was probably born near Tarnow, Galicia … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JACOB ISAAC HA-ḤOZEH MI-LUBLIN — (1745–1815), ḥasidic ẓaddik known by the epithet Ha Ḥozeh mi Lublin ( the Seer of Lublin ). Jacob Isaac was born in Lukow, the son of Abraham Eliezer ha Levi, the rabbi of Jozefow, a descendent of Isaiah ben abraham ha levi horowitz (Ha Shelah).… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AKEDAH — (ʿAqedah; Heb. הָדֵקֲע, lit. binding (of Isaac) ), the Pentateuchal narrative (Gen. 22:1–19) describing God s command to abraham to offer isaac , the son of his old age, as a sacrifice. Obedient to the command, Abraham takes Isaac to the place of … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABRAHAM JOSHUA HESCHEL OF APTA — (Opatow; d. 1825), Polish Ḥasidic Ẓaddik , known as the Rabbi of Apta. He was the disciple of elimelech of lyzhansk (Lezhaisk) and possibly also of the maggid jehiel michel of Zloczow (Zolocher). He served as rabbi of the communities of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
DOV BAER (the Maggid) OF MEZHIRECH — (d. 1772), one of the earliest and most important leaders of Ḥasidism . As a youth, Dov Baer received a traditional religious education in the yeshivah of R. jacob joshua falk , author of Penei Yehoshu a. He taught in Torchin and later became… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ELIEZER BEN JACOB HA-LEVI (Horovitz) OF TARNOGROD — (d. 1806), rabbi and ḥasidic author. A descendant of a famous rabbinic family, he was a disciple of Elimelech of Lyzhansk, Jacob Isaac of Lublin, and Israel of Kozienice. He wrote No am Megadim (Lemberg, 1807) and Amarot Tehorot (Warsaw, 1838).… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EPSTEIN, KALONYMUS KALMAN OF CRACOW — (d. 1823), ḥasidic ẓaddik. A disciple of elimelech of Lyzhansk and Jacob Isaac ha Ḥozeh ( the Seer ) of Lublin, he became noted for the ecstatic mode of prayer he adopted. In 1785 he organized groups of Ḥasidim in Cracow, and arranged minyanim… … Encyclopedia of Judaism