Eliezer ben-Hyrcanus

(1–2nd century)
   Palestine tanna. The son of a wealthy farmer, Eliezer spent his youth working in his father’s fields. At the age of twenty-two (some say twenty-eight) he decided to go to Jerusalem and devote himself to the study of the Torah. He joined the academy of JOCHANAN BENZAKKAI and proved to be a brilliant student with a phenomenal memory which was likened to ‘a plastered cistern, which loseth not a drop’. Eliezer married Imma Shalom, the sister of the Patriarch GAMALIEL II, with whom he was to have serious disputes.
   During the siege of Jerusalem, Jochanan ben-Zakkai was carried through the Roman lines in a coffin by his two favourite pupils, of whom Eliezer was one. Jochanan demanded a meeting with the Roman general VESPASIAN and persuaded him to let him go, with his pupils. They went to Jabneh and started an academy there. After a while, Eliezer left and settled in Lydda, where he began his own school. He was an extremely conservative teacher, passionately devoted to the early tradition, and opposed to any change. He was excommunicated by the patriarch for stubbornly refusing to accept the majority view on a question of ritual cleanliness.
   When it became known that Eliezer was dying, the sages came to make their peace with him. As Rabbi AKIBA approached his bedside, Eliezer foretold Akiba’s unnatural end (he was later executed by the Romans). After Eliezer’s death, the authority of his decisions was restored, and he took his place as one of the leading tannaim of his day. He was sometimes referred to as Eliezer the Great.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • ELIEZER BEN HYRCANUS — (end of the first and beginning of the second century C.E.), tanna. He is sometimes called Eliezer the Great (Sot. 9:15; Tosef., Or., end) and is the Eliezer mentioned without patronymic. R. Eliezer was one of the pillars of the early talmudic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eliezer ben Hyrcanus — (fl. 1st 2nd cent)    Palestinian tanna. He was a pupil of Johanan ben Zakkai and teacher of Akiva. After the destruction of the Temple in 70, he was among the important scholars of the great bet din of Jabneh. Later he established an academy at… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Eliezer ben Hyrkanos — Elieser ben Hyrkanos gen. der Große, in der Mischna schlicht R. Elieser genannt (mehr als 320mal), war ein bedeutender jüdischer Gelehrter des Altertums, Schüler des Jochanan ben Sakkai, und gehörte zu den Tannaiten der 2. Generation (90 130). Er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eliezer ben Hurcanus — Eliezer ben HurcanusFact|date=June 2007 ( he. אליעזר בן הורקנוס) was one of the most prominent tannaim of the 1st and 2nd centuries, disciple of R. Johanan ben Zakkai ( Avoth ii. 8; Avot of Rabbi Natan vi. 3, xiv. 5) and colleague of Gamaliel II …   Wikipedia

  • ELIEZER BEN JACOB — ELIEZER BEN JACOB, name of two tannaim. (1) Tanna who lived during the period of the destruction of the Second Temple. He was intimately acquainted with the Temple and describes its structure, arrangements, and customs (Mid. 1:9; 2:6; Ar. 2:6;… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIEZER BEN ISAAC OF WORMS — (also called Eliezer ha Gadol ; 11th century), German talmudic scholar. Eliezer was a pupil of his relative Simeon ha Gadol, in mainz , and later of gershom Me or ha Golah, and judah ha kohen , author of Sefer ha Dinim. He was a friend of Jacob b …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eliezer ben Jacob I — (Hebrew: אליעזר בן יעקב) was a Tanna of the 1st century; contemporary of Eleazar b. Ḥisma and Eliezer b. Hyrcanus, and senior of Illai (Pes. 32a, 39b; Yalḳ., Lev. 638). Of his personal history nothing is known, except that he had seen the Temple… …   Wikipedia

  • Joshua ben Hananiah — (Hebrew: יהושע בן חנניה d.131CE) was a leading tanna of the first half century following the destruction of the Temple. He was of Levitical descent (Ma as. Sh. v. 9), and served in the sanctuary as a member of the class of singers (Arakhin 11b).… …   Wikipedia

  • Pirke De-Rabbi Eliezer — (Aramaic: פרקי דרבי אליעזר) is a aggadic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers, ascribed to R. Eliezer ben Hyrcanus, and composed shortly after 833 CE. It is quoted immediately before the end of the 12th… …   Wikipedia

  • Elieser ben Hyrkanos — gen. der Große, in der Mischna schlicht Rabbi Elieser genannt (mehr als 320mal), war ein bedeutender jüdischer Gelehrter des Altertums, Schüler des Jochanan ben Sakkai, und gehörte zu den Tannaiten der 2. Generation (90 130 n. Chr.) Er wurde zwar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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