Eden, Sir Robert Anthony, Earl of Avon

(1897–1977)
   British statesman. As foreign secretary in the government of Neville Chamberlain, Eden came into conflict with the prime minister over his policy of appeasing Hitler, and resigned. During World War II he was reappointed foreign secretary by Winston CHURCHILL. Realizing Britain’s dependence on oil, he helped create the Arab League in 1945, hoping that it would be a stable pro-British organization. He succeeded Churchill as prime minister in 1955, the year in which Britain joined the Baghdad Pact, an anti-Soviet alliance of Middle Eastern states. In November of that year Eden made his ‘Guildhall speech’ suggesting a compromise in which Israel would give up some territory, especially in the Negev. Soon afterwards he became violently hostile to NASSER, chiefly due to the latter’s nationalization of the Suez Canal in the summer of 1956. He launched the Anglo-French Suez expedition in October of that year, simultaneously with Israel’s successful Sinai Campaign. The collapse of the venture wrecked his political career and affected his health, and he retired from public life.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • Eden, Sir (Robert)Anthony. — Eden, Sir (Robert) Anthony. First Earl of Avon. 1897 1977. British politician who as foreign minister (1935 1938, 1940 1945, and 1951 1955) was instrumental in the founding of the United Nations (1945) and as prime minister (1955 1957) supported… …   Universalium

  • Anthony Eden, 1. Earl of Avon — Anthony Eden Robert Anthony Eden KG, 1. Earl of Avon (* 12. Juni 1897 in Windlestone; † 14. Januar 1977 in Salisbury, Wiltshire) war ein britischer Politiker (Conservative Party). Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs war er britischer Außenminister …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Earl of Avon — was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1961 for the former Prime Minister Anthony Eden, together with the subsidiary title Viscount Eden, of Royal Leamington Spa in the County of Warwick. The titles became extinct on… …   Wikipedia

  • Eden — 〈n. 14; unz.〉 (der Garten) Eden 1. 〈AT〉 Paradies 2. 〈fig.〉 herrlicher Ort [<hebr. eden „Wonne, Lust“] * * * Eden [hebr. edęn, eigtl. = Wonne; vielleicht angelehnt an akkad. edinu < sumer. eden = Ebene, Wüste (in den älteren Bibelstellen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sir Anthony Eden — Anthony Eden Robert Anthony Eden KG, 1. Earl of Avon (* 12. Juni 1897 in Windlestone; † 14. Januar 1977 in Salisbury, Wiltshire) war ein britischer Politiker (Conservative Party). Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs war er britischer Außenminister …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anthony Eden — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = The Right Honourable name = Anthony Eden honorific suffix = The Earl of Avon, KG, MC, PC imagesize = 230px order = Prime Minister of the United Kingdom term start = 7 April 1955 term end = 10 January 1957… …   Wikipedia

  • Anthony Eden — Robert Anthony Eden KG, 1. Earl of Avon (* 12. Juni 1897 in Windlestone; † 14. Januar 1977 in Salisbury, Wiltshire) war ein britischer Politiker (Conservative Party). Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs war er britischer Außenminister und von 1955 bis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eden Baronets — The Eden Baronetcy, of West Auckland in the County of Durham, and the Eden Baronetcy, of Maryland in North America, are two titles in the Baronetage of England and Baronetage of Great Britain respectively that have been united under a single… …   Wikipedia

  • Anthony Eden hat — An Anthony Eden hat, or simply an Anthony Eden , was a silk brimmed, black felt Homburg of the kind favoured in the 1930s by Anthony Eden, later 1st Earl of Avon (1897 1977). Eden was a Cabinet Minister in the British National Government, holding …   Wikipedia

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

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