- (d. 1944)Czech Zionist leader. The fate of Edelstein illustrates the agonizing issue of collaboration that faced Jewish leaders under the Nazi regime in Europe. Born in Galicia, he became a Zionist socialist leader in Czechoslovakia and director of the Palestine office of the Jewish Agency in Prague. With the German occupation of Moravia and Bohemia in 1939, he encouraged the idea of a Jewish labour camp at Theresienstadt. He believed that it was better to serve the economic needs of their German masters in Czechoslovakia than to be deported eastward to almost certain death.In December 1941, he was appointed Judenaeltester (Jewish elder) of the Theresienstadt ghetto and tried courageously to protect its inmates, at the risk of Gestapo displeasure. In 1943 he was arrested for falsifying the lists in order to help some of the Jews escape and was shot in Auschwitz, after having been forced to see his wife and young son killed.Some of the survivors of Theresienstadt were critical of his role and accused him of collaboration. Others saw him as a martyr who had done what he could for his people. The school in Bergen-Belsen was named in his memory by the liberated inmates.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
EDELSTEIN, JACOB — (d. 1944), Czech Zionist leader and head of the theresienstadt ghetto. Born in Horodenka, Galicia, Edelstein went to Bohemia as a refugee during World War I. He first joined the Social Democrat youth movement there, and then the Zionist movement … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Edelstein, Jacob — (d. 1944) Czech Zionist. Born in Galicia, he became a Zionist socialist leader in Czechoslovakia and director of the Palestine office of the Jewish Agency in Prague. During the German occupation, he encouraged the idea of a Jewish labour camp… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Jacob Moser — (* 28. November 1839 in Kappeln; † 18. Juli 1922 in Bradford; auch Jacob Moses) war Unternehmer, Zionist und Philanthrop. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Jugend 1.2 Unternehmer … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of Likud Knesset Members — and the sessions of the Knesset (the Israeli parliament in Jerusalem) in which they served (place on Likud list is given in brackets): 8th Knesset Likud Members (31 December 1973 to 17 May 1977): Zalman Abramov; Moshe Arens; Yoram Aridor; Yohanan … Wikipedia
Liste Des Membres De La 16e Knesset — Israël Cet article fait partie de la série sur la politique d Israël, sous série sur la politique. Lois fondamentales … Wikipédia en Français
Liste des membres de la 16e Knesset — Israël Cet article fait partie de la série sur la politique d Israël, sous série sur la politique. Lois fondame … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-pierre changeux — Naissance 6 avril 1936 (France) Nationalité française Champs … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Pierre Changeux — Naissance 6 avril 1936 (1936 04 06) (75 ans) Domont (France) Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Pierre Changeux — Born 6 April 1936 (1936 04 06) (age 75) Domont, France … Wikipedia
Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps — Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps … Wikipedia