Duran, Simeon ben-Zemah

(1361–1444)
   Spanish rabbi and philosopher. Duran came from the island of Majorca, and in common with many Spanish Jewish scholars, he studied mathematics, astronomy and medicine, as well as the Bible and the Talmud. After completing his education in Aragon, Spain, he worked as a physician in Palma. When the anti-Jewish riots spreading through Spain in 1391 reached Majorca, he and his family fled to Algiers, where he was employed as a rabbi and Jewish judge.
   In his work Magen Avot, Duran rejected MAIMONIDES’ views on intellect, injecting into philosophy the cabbalistic concept of man’s neshamah, an immaterial soul derived from God. Immortality thus rests on ethical conduct, not superior intellect. In his commentary on the Book of Job, Duran developed his concept of the three prime dogmas of Judaism - the existence of God, revelation, and divine retribution.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • DURAN, SIMEON BEN ẒEMAḤ — (RaSHBaẒ, Hebrew acronym of Rabbi Shimon ben Ẓemaḥ; 1361–1444), rabbinic authority, philosopher, and scientist. He was born in Majorca to R. Ẓemaḥ Astruc Duran. In his youth Simeon studied in Palma (Majorca) at the yeshivah of Ephraim Vidal, who… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Duran, Simeon ben Zemah — ▪ Spanish theologian also called  (by acronym) Rashbaz   born 1361, Majorca, Balearic Islands [now part of Spain] died 1444, Algiers [Algeria]       first Spanish Jewish rabbi to be paid a regular salary by the community and author of an… …   Universalium

  • Simeon ben Zemah Duran — (1361 1444) (Hebrew: שמעון בן צמח דוראן), known as Rashbatz (רשב ץ), was a Rabbinical authority, student of philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, and especially of medicine, which he practised for a number of years at Palma (de Majorca). Biography… …   Wikipedia

  • DURAN, SIMEON BEN SOLOMON — (RaShBaSh, Heb. acronym of Rabbi Shimon ben Shelomo ha Sheni ( the Second ); 1438–after 1510), rabbi and author. Simeon, son of solomon b. simeon duran (called RaShBaSh ha Rishon, the First ), was born in Algiers and succeeded his brother Ẓemaḥ… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DURAN, SOLOMON BEN SIMEON — (known as RaShBaSh, Hebrew acronym of Rabbi Shelomo ben Shimon; c. 1400–1467), North African rabbinical authority; son of . He was born in algiers , but no details are known of his youth. His education embraced not only rabbinical knowledge but… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DURAN — DURAN, family which originated in Provence, settled in Majorca in 1306, and after the persecutions of 1391 in Algiers. ẒEMAḤ ASTRUC DURAN (d. 1404), a grandnephew of levi b. gershom , was respected as a scholar by both the Jews and non Jews of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DURAN, ZEMAḤ BEN SOLOMON — (15th century), North African rabbinical authority. Ẓemaḥ, the second son of solomon b. simeon duran , acted together with his brothers Aaron and Simeon as dayyan in algiers . It appears from the sources that he was the most active of them and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac ben Sheshet — Perfet (1326 ndash; 1408) (Hebrew: יצחק בן ששת) was a Spanish Talmudic authority, also know by his acronym, Rivash (ריב ש). He was born at Valencia and settled early in life at Barcelona, where he studied under Perez ha Kohen, under Hasdai ben… …   Wikipedia

  • GABBAI, MOSES BEN SHEM-TOV — (d. c. 1443), scholar of Spain and North Africa. He lived for a time in Calatayud and then moved to Teruel where he served as rabbi. He settled in Majorca (before 1387) but during the riots of 1391 escaped to North Africa and was appointed rabbi… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISAAC BEN SHESHET PERFET — (known as Ribash from the initials of R abbi Isaac Ben Sheshet; 1326–1408), Spanish rabbi and halakhic authority. Perfet was born in Barcelona, where he studied under such eminent scholars as Pereẓ ha Kohen, Ḥasdai b. Judah Crescas (the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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