Dubnow, Simon

(1860–1941)
   Jewish historian. Dubnow grew up in White Russia and worked in Odessa and St Petersburg. He settled in Berlin in 1922. since he was unable to continue publishing in Russia after the Bolshevik Revolution. In 1933 when Hitler came to power, he moved to Riga. After the Nazi occupation of Latvia in 1941, the aged scholar was shot by a Gestapo officer.
   Dubnow’s lifelong research and writings culminated in his monumental ten- volume world history of the Jewish people, published first in German and then in Russian, Hebrew, Yiddish and English as well. His other major works were the three-volume History of the Jews in Russia and Poland (1916–20; orig. Rus., 1914) and a two-volume history of Chassidism (1930–2).
   Dubnow’s basic premise was that the Jews had lost the territorial and political attributes of a normal nation-state, but had maintained their identity in different lands as autonomous centres with a common culture. In each period a particular centre had been dominant - Palestine, Babylonia, Spain, the Rhineland, eastern Europe. The Jewish future lay in developing this concept of Galut Nationalism, or autonomism, with Yiddish as a common language.
   In 1906 he founded the Folkspartei (Jewish People’s Party) to spread this ideology, but it remained small, and was attacked by assimilationists, Zionists and Bundists. It was echoed in the minorities treaties in the post-war successor states.
   But the collapse of the great European empires, the establishment of the Soviet Union, the growth of the Zionist yishuv in Palestine and the emergence of Hitler in Germany radically changed the pre-war Jewish world that had shaped Dubnow’s ideas. In his last years he started to move closer to Zionism.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DUBNOW, SIMON — (1860–1941), historian and political ideologist. Born in Mstislavl, Belorussia, Dubnow received a traditional Jewish education from his grandfather, but early in his life ceased to observe religious practices. He was self taught, having achieved… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dubnow, Simon — (1860 1941)    Russian historian. Born in Belorussia, he lived in St Petersburg, Odessa, Vilna, Berlin and Riga. He wrote a ten volume history of the Jewish people, a history of the Jews in Russia and Poland, and a history of Hasidism. In his… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Dubnow, Simon Markovich — born Sept. 10, 1860, Mstislavl, Russia died December 1941, Riga, Latvia, U.S.S.R. Russian Jewish historian. Largely self educated, he gained notice as a scholar of Jewish history before the Bolshevik Revolution prompted him to leave his native… …   Universalium

  • Dubnow, Simon Markovich — (10 sep. 1860, Mstislavl, Rusia–dic. 1941, Riga, Letonia, U.R.S.S.). Historiador judío ruso. En gran parte autodidacta, cobró notoriedad como estudioso de la historia judía antes de que la revolución bolchevique lo impulsara a trasladarse desde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Simon Dubnow — (alternatively spelled Dubnov, Russian: Семён Маркович Дубнов/Semyon Markovich Dubnov; Yiddish: שמעון דובנאָװ Shimen Dubnov; September 10, 1860 – December 8, 1941) was a Jewish historian, writer and activist. He is the father in law of Henryk… …   Wikipedia

  • Simon Dubnow — (vollständiger Name: Semen Markowich Dubnow) (* 10. September 1860 in Mstislawl, Weißrussland; † 8. Dezember 1941 in Riga) war ein Historiker und Theoretiker des Judentums. Anfangs des 20. Jahrhunderts war er auch Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dubnow — Simon Dubnow Simon Dubnow (* 10. September 1860 in Mstislawl, Weißrussland; † 8. Dezember 1941 in Riga) war ein Historiker des Judentums. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Simón — (De coche de don Simón, nombre que hace referencia a un alquilador de coches madrileño.) ► sustantivo masculino Antiguo coche de caballos de alquiler. * * * simón (de «coche de Don Simón», por referencia a un alquilador de coches) adj. y n. m. Se …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Simon — /suy meuhn/; Fr. /see mawonn / for 7, n. 1. the original name of the apostle Peter. Cf. Peter. 2. Simon the Zealot, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4. 3. the Canaanite, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15. 4. a… …   Universalium

  • Simon Dubnow — (aussi écrit: Dubnov; en russe: Семен Маркович Дубнов); (10 septembre 1860 8 décembre 1941) est un historien, écrivain et militant juif. Simon Dubnow Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

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