Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer

(1874–1965)
   British statesman. Early in his political career, Churchill took a sympathetic interest in Jewish matters. In 1904, four years after his election to the House of Commons, he attacked the Aliens Immigration bill. He also supported legislation that gave Jewish shopkeepers the right to keep open on Sunday and closed on Saturday. As colonial secretary in 1921, Churchill went to Cairo to sort out the tense and tangled post-war situation in the Middle East. The Emir FEISAL, who had been expelled from Damascus by the French, was given a throne in Iraq. His elder brother ABDULLAH was marching up through the desert with a Bedouin force to assist Feisal. Churchill met him in Jerusalem, and made him emir of Transjordan. That territory was excluded from the Jewish National Home provisions of the Palestine mandate. In the following year, Churchill issued a White Paper on Palestine that reaffirmed the Balfour Declaration, and declared that the Jews were in the country as of right and not on sufferance. At the same time, the Arabs were reassured that the Jewish National Home did not mean Jewish control of the whole country, that Jewish immigration would be regulated by absorptive capacity, and that Arab rights would not be prejudiced. The Zionists regarded the White Paper and the cutting off of Transjordan as a whittling down of the Balfour Declaration. Be that as it may, Churchill was to remain committed to the 1922 balance. He therefore regarded both the Passfield White Paper of 1931, and the Macdonald White Paper of 1939, as betrayals of Britain’s pledge to the Jews. From the opposition benches he launched powerful and eloquent broadsides against these appeasement policies.
   It was a painful irony, therefore, that Churchill’s record as the outstanding leader in World War II should have come under serious Jewish criticism. Nothing was done by the Allies to help the Jews being slaughtered in Europe - for instance, by a suggestion that the death camps and the railway lines leading to them should be bombed. Moreover, the 1939 White Paper was left intact, and the gates of Palestine remained almost closed to Jews who managed to escape. In his memoirs, Churchill defended himself on the ground that no disruptive issues could be allowed to impair the single overriding objective of defeating Hitler. Churchill was, however, responsible for one important wartime concession to the Jews. From the beginning of the war, the Zionist leaders had pressed for a Jewish brigade, under its own flag, to fight in Europe as a separate formation in the British army. The British military authorities obstructed the proposal until 1944, when Churchill overruled them.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CHURCHILL, SIR WINSTON LEONARD SPENCER° — (1875–1965), British statesman and author. With some lapses, Churchill was a lifelong philo semite and pro Zionist. His general view on Judaism and the Jews was based on his awareness of their spiritual potentialities and their role in history,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Churchill, Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) — (30 nov. 1874, Palacio Blenheim, Oxfordshire, Inglaterra–24 ene. 1965, Londres). Estadista y escritor británico. Hijo de Lord Randolph Churchill y de la norteamericana Jennie Jerome, tuvo una infancia infeliz y fue un estudiante poco prometedor.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Churchill, Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) — born Nov. 30, 1874, Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Jan. 24, 1965, London British statesman and author. Son of Lord Randolph Churchill and the American Jennie Jerome, he had an unhappy childhood and was an unpromising student. After… …   Universalium

  • Churchill, sir Winston Leonard Spencer — ► (1874 1965) Estadista y escritor británico. Primer lord del almirantazgo y ministro de la Guerra durante la Primera Guerra Mundial. Primer ministro después de las elecciones de 1951 y 1955. Son notables sus obras autobiográficas e históricas,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill — (1874–1965)    Twice prime minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill is remembered for his great achievement during World War II, especially during the period between the fall of France in June 1940 and the entry into the war of the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill — Winston Churchill Amtszeiten: 1. 10. Mai 1940 – 27. Juli 1945 2. 26. Oktober 1951 – 7. April 1955 Vorgänger: 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill — Winston Churchill Amtszeiten: 1. 10. Mai 1940 – 27. Juli 1945 2. 26. Oktober 1951 – 7. April 1955 Vorgänger: 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Churchill, Sir Winston — ▪ prime minister of United Kingdom Introduction in full  Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill   born Nov. 30, 1874, Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Jan. 24, 1965, London  British statesman, orator, and author who as prime minister… …   Universalium

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  • Sir Winston Churchill — Winston Churchill Amtszeiten: 1. 10. Mai 1940 – 27. Juli 1945 2. 26. Oktober 1951 – 7. April 1955 Vorgänger: 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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