Charlemagne

(742–814)
   King of the Franks 768–814. Charlemagne was king of the Franks from 768 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 800. Anxious to improve the economy of his widespread realm, Charlemagne encouraged Jewish traders to settle in France and Germany, granting to individuals and groups privileges and charters. He promised to protect the lives, limbs and property of the merchants concerned, in return for an annual tax which was set around 10 per cent of their income. Jews were permitted to own slaves, whom they might import from abroad, and attempts to convert such slaves to Christianity were firmly discouraged. In spite of ecclesiastical demands, Jews were allowed to employ free Christians, provided that they granted them days of rest on Sundays and Christian holy days. Jewish courts could settle disputes between Jews.
   Though more restrictive legislation was brought in towards the end of Charlemagne’s reign, Jewish settlements flourished in southern France, Champagne, Lorraine and in the Rhineland. With their knowledge of trade routes to the east, Jewish merchants were able to expand the trade of the West. They were also of value as interpreters and one Jew, ISAAC OF AACHEN, was actually sent to the caliph of Baghdad, Harun al-Rashid, as an ambassador of the emperor.
   From the 12 century onwards legendary tales of Charlemagne’s benevolence to the Jews were current among Jewish communities. He is credited with having appointed a nasi (Jewish leader) of Narbonne, granting special rights to the Jews of that city as a reward for their support when it was besieged by the Moslems. The importance of Charlemagne in Jewish history lies in his awarding the Jews a special status under his personal protection, a policy continued by his son Louis the Pious and subsequent emperors.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CHARLEMAGNE — Le plus prestigieux des souverains de la seconde dynastie franque, à qui il a donné son nom («Carolingiens»), poursuivit la politique d’expansion du royaume inaugurée par ses prédécesseurs et se trouva, vers la fin du VIIIe siècle, à la tête d’un …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charlemagne — • Biography of the emperor covering his political, military, and religious entanglements Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Charlemagne     Charlemagne      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Charlemagne — ist der Name von: Karl der Große (englische und französische Bezeichnung, 747/748 814), König des Fränkischen Reiches und römischer Kaiser Charlemagne ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Jossiffowitsch Charlemagne (1826 1901),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CHARLEMAGNE° — (742–814), king of the Franks from 768, emperor of the West from 800. Charlemagne was well disposed toward the Jews. A Jew, isaac , was a member (probably interpreter) of the delegation he sent to the caliph Harun al Rashid. He was the only one… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Charlemagne — Le nom est assez courant dans le Nord Pas de Calais. Variantes : Charlemaigne, Charlemain, Charlemaine, Charlemein et sans doute Charlemoine (nom porté dans l Orne). Lié au célèbre empereur (= Charles le grand), ce devrait être un surnom ironique …   Noms de famille

  • Charlemagne — (fr., spr. Scharlmanje), Karl der Große …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Charlemagne — (franz., spr. scharl mánnj ), franz. Name für Karl den Großen (lat. Carolus Magnus) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charlemagne — (frz., spr. scharl mánnj), Karl der Große …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charlemagne —   [ʃarlə maɲ], französischer Name Karls des Grossen.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Charlemagne — king of the Franks (742 814), lit. Carl the Great, from French form of M.L. Carolus Magnus (see CHARLES (Cf. Charles) + MAGNUS (Cf. Magnus)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Charlemagne — [shär′lə mān΄] A.D. 742 814; king of the Franks (768 814): emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (800 814): also called Charles I or Charles the Great …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.