Chagall (Segal), Marc
- (1887–1985)Russian-French painter. Chagall was born in Vitebsk, in the Russian Pale of Settlement. For a Jew living within the Pale, to take up painting was an act of defiance against the traditional Jewish abhorrence of the ‘graven image’. But his work is permeated with the simple, religious atmosphere of his home.After four years as an art student in St Petersburg, Chagall came in 1910 to Paris, where he saw much, but basically retained his own style. On a visit to Russia in 1914, Chagall was caught up in the war and given a desk job in a government office for the duration. After the Revolution of 1917, he was appointed commissar of art for Vitebsk Province. In 1919 he helped found Moscow’s Yiddish State Theatre and produced his famous murals for the plays of Gogol, Chekhov and SHALOM ALEICHEM.Discouraged by the new regime’s insistence on an art of ‘socialist realism’, he left Russia again in 1922 for Paris. There he became identified with a group of noted Jewish painters which came to be known as the School of Paris. It included such artists as MODIGLIANI, PASCIN and SOUTINE. The art dealer Ambrose Vollard commissioned him to produce etchings for editions of Gogol’s Dead Souls, La Fontaine’s Fables and the Bible. In 1937, he had the dubious honour of being included in the Nazi ‘Degenerate Art’ exhibition held in Munich. With the German occupation of France, Chagall fled to the United States where he remained until 1948. After World War II his commissions included the stained- glass windows for the Roman Catholic cathedral at Metz, the Hadassah Medical Centre in Jerusalem and the United Nations Secretariat building in New York; the ceiling of the Paris Opera; murals for the Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center, New York; and a mural, tapestries and floor mosaics for the Knesset building in Jerusalem. In 1973 he returned to Moscow for the first time to attend an exhibition of his work. Also a Chagall museum was opened in the South of France.Chagall’s work is distinguished by richly coloured and dream-like fantasies, using images from the scenes of his childhood or from the Bible, often floating in the air or upside down in whimsical defiance of logic. Although he drew on his early experiences, he also employed Christian motifs such as the cross and crucifixion and most of his stained glass was commissioned for churches. He himself was not a practising Jew in the latter part of his life and his subject matter became increasingly universalist. Nonetheless he is widely regarded as the greatest Jewish painter of modern times.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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Marc Chagall — In Paris, 1921 Birth name Moishe Shagal Born 6 July 1887 (NS) Liozna, near Vite … Wikipedia
CHAGALL, MARC — (1887–1985), artist. Chagall was born in Liozno, Vitebsk in Belorussia; his family name was Segal, and he himself later adopted the spelling Chagall. His father worked in the warehouse of a herring monger. Chagall was sent to ḥeder as a child and … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Segal — (and its variants) can refer to the following:Peopleegal*Alan F. Segal, American Professor of Jewish Studies *Brandon Segal, ice hockey player *Dan Segal, a British mathematician *Daniel Scott Segal, also known as Dancing Eagle, drummer for The… … Wikipedia
Marc Chagall — (7 de julio 1887 28 de marzo 1985) fue un pintor bielorruso de origen judío. Nació en Vitebsk, Rusia (actual Bielorrusia) siendo el mayor de ocho hijos. Su nombre natal fue Moishe Zakharovich Shagalov (Moishe Segal) El nombre de su madre era… … Enciclopedia Universal
Marc Chagall — Marc Segal … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Moishe Zakharovich Shagalov — Marc Chagall im Juli 1941 Fotografie von Carl van Vechten, aus der Van Vechten Collection der Library of Congress Marc Chagall (* 25. Junijul./ 7. Juli 1887greg. in Peskowatik … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shagalov — Marc Chagall im Juli 1941 Fotografie von Carl van Vechten, aus der Van Vechten Collection der Library of Congress Marc Chagall (* 25. Junijul./ 7. Juli 1887greg. in Peskowatik … Deutsch Wikipedia
ART — This article is arranged according to the following outline: Antiquity to 1800 INTRODUCTION: JEWISH ATTITUDE TO ART biblical period the sanctuary and first temple period second temple period after the fall of jerusalem relation to early christian … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Ecole de Paris — École de Paris Cet article traite à la fois de l École de Paris et de la Nouvelle École de Paris (ou Seconde École de Paris). A. Warnod, Les berceaux de la jeune peinture, Paris 1925 Sommaire 1 … Wikipédia en Français
Nouvelle Ecole de Paris — École de Paris Cet article traite à la fois de l École de Paris et de la Nouvelle École de Paris (ou Seconde École de Paris). A. Warnod, Les berceaux de la jeune peinture, Paris 1925 Sommaire 1 … Wikipédia en Français