Bohr, Niels Henrik David

(1885–1962)
   Danish physicist and Nobel laureate, 1922. Born in Copenhagen to a non-Jewish father and a Jewish mother, Bohr received a doctorate from Copenhagen University in 1911. He worked in Manchester with Sir Ernest Rutherford, the British physicist, and produced an important series of papers on the structure of the atom. In 1916 he was appointed professor of chemical physics at Copenhagen. The Institute of Theoretical Physics he headed (1920) rapidly became a centre for theoretical physicists from all over the world. In 1922 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. With the Nazi invasion of Denmark, Bohr and his family were taken to Sweden in a small fishing boat, and from there flown to London to work on the atomic bomb project.
   Like many others who had worked to develop the bomb, Bohr regarded it as a threat to mankind. For the last fifteen years of his life, he worked to outlaw the bomb and to use atomic energy for peaceful purposes. He played an active role in the development of the physics department of the Weizmann Institute in Israel, which he visited several times.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BOHR, NIELS HENRIK DAVID — (1885–1962), Danish physicist and Nobel laureate. He was born in Copenhagen. His father was non Jewish, a professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen, and his mother, née Ella Adler, belonged to a prominent Jewish banking family. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bohr,Niels Henrik David — Bohr (bôr, bōr), Niels Henrik David. 1885 1962. Danish physicist. He won a 1922 Nobel Prize for investigating atomic structure and radiations. His son Aage Niels Bohr (born 1922), also a physicist, shared a 1975 Nobel Prize for discovering the… …   Universalium

  • Bohr, Niels (Henrik David) — born Oct. 7, 1885, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 18, 1962, Copenhagen Danish physicist. He studied the structure of the atom with J.J. Thomson and Ernest Rutherford at the universities of Cambridge and Manchester. He was among the first to see the… …   Universalium

  • Bohr, Niels (Henrik David) — (7 oct. 1885, Copenhague, Dinamarca–18 nov. 1962, Copenhague). Físico danés. Estudió la estructura del átomo con J.J. Thomson y Ernest Rutherford en las universidades de Cambridge y Manchester. Fue uno de los primeros en ver la importancia del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Niels Henrik David Bohr — Niels Bohr (1922) Niels Henrik David Bohr (* 7. Oktober 1885 in Kopenhagen; † 18. November 1962 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Physiker. Er erhielt den Nobelpreis für Physik im Jahr 1922 „für seine Verdienste um die Erforschung der Struktur der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Niels Henrik David Bohr — Niels Bohr Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bohr. Niels Bohr …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Niels Henrik David Bohr — (1885 1962), dansk fysiker som har bidraget afgørende til forståelsen af atomets struktur og udviklingen af kvantemekanikken. Niels Bohr modtog Nobelprisen i fysik i 1922. Biografi Bohr blev født den 7. oktober 1885 i København. Forældrene var… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Niels Henrik David Bohr — noun Danish physicist who studied atomic structure and radiations; the Bohr theory of the atom accounted for the spectrum of hydrogen (1885 1962) • Syn: ↑Bohr, ↑Niels Bohr • Instance Hypernyms: ↑nuclear physicist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Niels Henrik David Bohr — n. (1885 1962) Danish physicist who studied and researched the atomic structure, Nobel prize winner in physics in 1922, father of Aage Niels Bohr …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Niels Henrick David Bohr — Niels Bohr (1922) Niels Henrik David Bohr (* 7. Oktober 1885 in Kopenhagen; † 18. November 1962 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Physiker. Er erhielt den Nobelpreis für Physik im Jahr 1922 „für seine Verdienste um die Erforschung der Struktur der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.