Blum, Léon

(1872–1950)
   French statesman and three times premier of France. The son of a wealthy Jewish merchant, Blum was propelled into politics by the Dreyfus Affair of 1894 and in 1899 he joined the Socialist Party. Elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1919, he came to power at the head of a left-wing, anti-fascist coalition, the Front Populaire, in 1936 - the first socialist and first Jew to head a French government. The problems facing France at this period - the growing threat of the Axis alignment, the war in Spain, economic malaise, a pro-German right wing - were intractable, and combined to bring about Blum’s defeat in the following year. Nor was he any more successful during his next brief period in office, in 1938, during the Austrian crisis. Blum survived a Nazi concentration camp during the war, and for a month in 1946 was briefly premier in a coalition government. He subsequently helped to negotiate US aid to reconstruct France. At that time he used his influence in Paris on behalf of the Zionist movement, particularly in lobbying for the United Nations partition plan of 1947.
   Blum was a man of dignity and culture, distinguished in the fields of law and letters, and internationally respected as a statesman. His inability to translate his political programme into practical achievement was due to the chaotic French political and economic scene before World War II.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BLUM, LÉON — (1872–1950), statesman; the first Jew and the first socialist to become premier of France. Son of a wealthy Alsatian merchant, Blum graduated with the highest honors in law at the Sorbonne. At the age of 22, he was recognized as a poet and writer …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Blum, Léon — Blum (blo͞om), Léon. 1872 1950. French socialist politician who served as premier (1936 1937, 1938, and 1946 1947). He was imprisoned (1940 1945) by the Vichy government during World War II. * * * born April 9, 1872, Paris, France died March 30,… …   Universalium

  • Blum, Léon — (1872 1950)    statesman, writer    Born in Paris and educated at the École Normale Supérieure and at the sorbonne, Léon Blum, after leaving the university, practiced law and also gained a reputation as a literary and drama critic. Brought into… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Blum, Leon — 1872–1950    An intellectual and writer. Blum became one of the leading figures of the French socialist party (SFIO), after World War I and of the Union of the Left in the 1930s. In 1936 he became Prime Minister in the Popular Front government… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Blum, Leon — (1872 1950)    French statesman. He first worked as a literary critic and author. He was premier in the Popular Front government of 1936 7, vice premier from 1937 8, and premier in 1938. In 1943 he was handed over to the Germans, who deported him …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Blum, Léon — ► (1872 1950) Político francés de familia judía. Fue uno de los fundadores del periódico L´Humanité. Fue presidente del Gobierno en 1936. Dimitió en 1937. Se opuso al armisticio con la Alemania nazi (1940). Es autor de La reforma gubernamental y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Blum — Blum, Léon …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leon Blum — Léon Blum Léon Blum Parlementaire français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leon Blum — Léon Blum Grafik von Félix Vallotton Léon Blum (* 9. April 1872 in Paris; † 30. März 1950 in Jouy en Josas bei Versailles) war Jurist, Schriftsteller, französischer Politiker und mehrfach französischer Premierminis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leon — Léon Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Léon est un nom propre qui peut désigner une personne ou un lieu : Sommaire 1 Noms de lieux 1.1  France …   Wikipédia en Français

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