Bevin, Ernest

   British labour leader and foreign secretary. The son of a farmhand, Bevin rose through the ranks of the trade union movement and became the powerful leader of the Transport and General Workers Union, the largest in Britain. In World War II, he was a member of the War Cabinet for labour and national service. With the election victory of the Labour Party in 1945, he became foreign secretary in the Attlee Cabinet. Although the situation in Palestine was nominally in the domain of the colonial secretary, the burly, tough Bevin took personal charge of it, as it had become a major international crisis. The pro-Zionist platform of the Labour Party before the elections was forgotten. Bevin accepted the basic tenet of the 1939 White Paper, which was that the Arab world should not be antagonized by fidelity to the Jewish National Home commitment in the BALFOUR Declaration and the mandate. The conflict that ensued focused on the growing resistance movement in the yishuv in Palestine, the ‘illegal’ immigration, British repressive measures against both, and the repercussions in world public opinion, especially in the United States. In 1946 an attempt was made to blunt American criticism by setting up the Anglo-American Committee of Enquiry. But when President Truman endorsed the committee’s recommendation to let in 100,000 Jewish displaced persons, Britain refused to do so.
   In the same year, Bevin tried unsuccessfully to promote the so-called Morisson-Grady plan, which would have given the Jews local autonomy in a few cantons totalling 17 per cent of the territory of Palestine. At the beginning of 1947, the Palestine question was referred to the United Nations. While its Special Committee, UNSCOP, was in Palestine, the situation reached breaking point when the 4,500 Jewish survivors who had come in on the illegal boat Exodus were ordered by Bevin to be shipped back to Germany. In November 1947, the UN General Assembly adopted the partition plan that included the establishment of Jewish and Arab states. Britain refused to co- operate in implementing it and ended the mandate on 14 May 1948. On the same day, the independence of Israel was proclaimed. Bevin felt defeated and humiliated at the collapse of his Palestine policy. It was only eight months later, January 1949, that Bevin was willing to acquiesce in British de facto recognition of the new state.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • BEVIN, ERNEST° — (1881–1951), British trade union leader and statesman. He was a member of the British War Cabinet in World War II (1941–45), and foreign secretary in the Labor government (1945–50) when Palestine was transferred de facto from the aegis of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bevin, Ernest — born March 9, 1881, Winsford, Somerset, Eng. died April 14, 1951, London British labour leader and statesman. Active in labour organizations from 1905, he became head of the Dockers Union. In 1921 he merged several unions into the Transport and… …   Universalium

  • Bevin, Ernest — 1881–1951    Bevin was a British Labour Party politician who served as Minister of Labor and National Service in CHURCHILL’s War cabinet. An Emergency Powers Act was passed in 1940 which gave Bevin dictatorial powers to help mobilize manpower. He …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Bevin, Ernest — ► (1881 1951) Político socialista británico. Obrero portuario en un principio, organizó el poderoso Sindicato del Transporte y presidió la Confederación Británica del Trabajo (1936 37). * * * (9 mar. 1881, Winsford, Somerset, Inglaterra–14 abr.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bevin,Ernest — Bev·in (bĕvʹĭn), Ernest. 1884 1951. British labor leader and politician who served as minister of labor (1940 1945) and foreign minister (1945 1951) and was instrumental in postwar diplomacy, notably the NATO treaty of 1949. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bevin — Bevin, Ernest …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ernest Bevin — (* 9. März 1881 in Winsford[1], Somerset; † 14. April 1951 in London) war ein britischer Gewerkschaftsführer und Politiker (Labour Party). Er war Arbeitsminister von 1940 bis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernest Bevin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ernest Bevin …   Wikipedia Español

  • BEVIN (E.) — BEVIN ERNEST (1881 1951) Né à Winsford, dans le Somerset, fils d’un journalier, Ernest Bevin assure sa formation lui même et devient militant syndicaliste. En 1910, il est placé à la tête du Syndicat des dockers, puis il fonde le Syndicat des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ernest Bevin — noun British labor leader and statesman who played an important role in diplomacy after World War II (1884 1951) • Syn: ↑Bevin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader * * * Ernest Bevin …   Useful english dictionary

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