- (b. AD 28)Daughter of Agrippa I. The physical charms and the ambitions of the Judean princess Berenice produced a chequered career of loves and marriages.She was first married at the age of thirteen to Marcus Julius Alexander, whose father was head of the Alexandrian Jewish community. Two more marriages followed - to her uncle Herod, king of Chalcis; and to Polemon, a minor ruler in Cilicia, Asia Minor. But she was most deeply attached to her brother, Agrippa II, and lived most of the time in his palace. The fact that the brother and sister were always together gave rise to rumours of incestuous relations between them.In the spring of 66, Berenice was with Agrippa II in Jerusalem, at a time of tension and street riots. Her palace was burnt down by the mob and she had to flee. Soon Judea was in open revolt. Agrippa and Berenice remained firmly loyal to their Roman masters, and joined the Roman general VESPASIAN, who arrived in the country in 67 with substantial forces to restore order. She became the mistress of Vespasian’s son TITUS, and was in his camp when his troops captured and sacked Jerusalem in 70. Berenice was then forty-two years old and Titus a dozen years her junior.Vespasian had meanwhile become emperor. Berenice accompanied Titus back to Rome and lived openly with him in his royal palace. But Roman society became so hostile to her that the emperor was obliged to insist on Titus’ sending her back to Judea. That was in 75. Four years later, when Vespasian died and Titus succeeded him as emperor, Berenice turned up again in Rome with her brother Agrippa, who had come to pledge his allegiance. Berenice may have hoped to revive her old relationship with Titus, but the new emperor was not prepared to risk his standing by resuming an unpopular liaison with his former Judean mistress, now a woman over fifty. Nothing further is known about Berenice.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
Berenice — Bérénice Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bérénice est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom 2 Personnages … Wikipédia en Français
Berenice — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Berenice o Berenike (en macedonio: Βερενίκη, Berenikē) es un nombre de origen macedonio, que significa portadora de la victoria (correspondiente en idioma griego *phere nikē). Se puede referir a: personas Berenice,… … Wikipedia Español
BÉRÉNICE — (28 env. ?) princesse juive Fille d’Hérode Agrippa Ier, petit fils d’Hérode et de Mariamne, Bérénice épousa, en 41, Marcus, fils d’Alexandre, alabarque d’Alexandrie et frère du philosophe Philon. Le mari de Bérénice ne tarda pas à mourir. Son… … Encyclopédie Universelle
BERENICE — (1) (last half of first century B.C.E.), daughter of salome , sister of herod and of Costobar the Edomite. She was the wife of aristobulus (son of Herod and Mariamne). Berenice bore Aristobulus three sons (herod , who became king of Chalcis;… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Berenice — or Berenike (Greek: polytonic|Βερενίκη, Berenikē ) is the Ancient Macedonian form for Attic Greek Φερενίκη ( Pherenikē ), meaning bearer of victory , from φέρω ( pherō ) to bear + νίκη ( nikē ) victory [ [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi… … Wikipedia
Berenice — ist: Berenice (Oper), Georg Friedrich Händel, Berenice (Poe), Erzählung v. Edgar Allan Poe, Bérénice de Molière, Theaterstück von Igor Bauersima, Berenice (Rakete) Berenice (Titularbistum) Berenice (Idaho), Ort in den Vereinigten Staaten Berenice … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bérénice II — d Égypte Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bérénice. Tête de Bérénice … Wikipédia en Français
Berenice II — (267 or 266 BC 221 BC), was the daughter of Magas of Cyrene and Queen Apama, and the wife of Ptolemy III Euergetes I, the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt.In about 249 BC, she was married to Demetrius the Fair, a Macedonian prince,… … Wikipedia
Berenice IV — Bérénice IV Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0 … Wikipédia en Français
Berenice — • A titular see of Egypt which was situated at the end of Major Syrtis where Bengazi stands today Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Berenice Berenice … Catholic encyclopedia
Berenice — Berenice. Die Gemahlin des ägyptischen Königs Ptolemäos Euergetes, Tochter der Arsinoe und des Ptolemäos Philadelphus. Eine heldenmüthige Frau voll hoher Schönheit, und geziert mit überaus herrlichen Haaren. Ihr Gemahl unternahm einen Feldzug… … Damen Conversations Lexikon