- (d. 1834)Adventurer. Born in Pinsk, Russia. Baruch settled in Safad in 1819. Rumours reached the Jewish community there that the remnants of the Lost Tribes, especially the tribe of Dan, were to be found in Yemen. The Safad Jews sent Baruch, who was practising as a physician, to verify these reports and establish contact with the Tribes. He was given a letter inviting them to join and help their brethren in Palestine. Baruch swore that he would devote himself to this task and set off on his long journey. He reached San’a in 1833 and was warmly greeted by the Jewish community. He then travelled on to Haydan in northern Yemen and in the desert he met a shepherd who, he decided, was a Danite and gave him the letter to deliver. The shepherd promised he would bring the answer to Haydan, and Baruch returned to San’a after the Jewish community had promised they would forward him the reply.In San’a the imam, Al-Mahdi, fell ill and Baruch, against the advice of the Jewish leaders who reminded him of his oath in Safad, offered to heal the Imam. He was so successful that he was appointed court physician. This aroused the jealousy of the Moslems at the court.In 1834, when Ibrahim Pasha attacked Yemen and captured the town of Mocha, Baruch offered to re-take the town if the imam would give him ten thousand men and make him ruler of Mocha after the battle. His enemies promptly accused him of being an Egyptian spy and incited the imam to kill him. As he fell Baruch reproved the king for this treachery to his faithful physician and prophesied that his rule would not last much longer. The imam ordered the body to be thrown over the wall so that wild animals would eat it and no one would know of the deed. The body remained untouched and the king, taking this as a sign of his innocence, was overcome with remorse and asked the Jews to bury the corpse. Baruch’s enemies rejoiced while the Jews mourned. The imam and his family lost their kingdom before the year was out.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
BARUCH BEN SAMUEL — (d. 1834), adventurer and physician. Baruch was born in Pinsk and emigrated to Safed in 1819. The reports of a messenger who traveled from Safed to Yemen and back in 1825 gave rise to wondrous tales about a Jew from the tribe of Dan whom he… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BARUCH BEN SAMUEL OF MAINZ — (c. 1150–1221), scholar and paytan. Baruch was a pupil of Moses b. Solomon ha Kohen, whom he succeeded as a member of the bet din of Mainz. There is no basis for Aptowitzer s statement that a dispute for the position between him and his kinsman,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BARUCH BEN SAMUEL OF ALEPPO — (also called Baruch of Greece, or the Sephardi; 1070/80–1130/40), talmudic commentator. It is surmised that he was either from southern Italy or Spain. He immigrated to Ereẓ Israel and then to Aleppo, from where he sent questions to Samuel b. Ali … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Baruch ben Samuel of Mainz — (c. 1150 1221) German talmudist and liturgical poet. He was dayyan of Mainz. His responsa were incorporated in his Sepher ha Hokhmah (The Book of Wisdom). He wrote commentaries on several talmudic tractates, and piyyutim on persecutions of the … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Baruch ben Samuel of Safed — (d. 1834) Russian physician and rabbinic emissary. He settled in Palestine in 1819. In 1830 he went to Yemen to find the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF WORMS — (late 12th–early 13th century), German tosafist. Although Baruch lived in Worms, he probably came from France and is sometimes referred to as Ha Zarefati ( the Frenchman ). Baruch was a pupil of isaac b. samuel the Elder of Dampierre, and after… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF REGENSBURG — (second half of 12th century), talmudic scholar. He was a member of the bet din of Regensburg, together with isaac b. jacob ha lavan of prague , Abraham ben Moses of Regensburg, and Judah he Ḥasid b. Samuel (Sefer Ḥasidim, ed. by J. Wistinetzki… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Baruch ben Isaac — (fl.1200) was a Tosafist and codifier who was born at Worms, but lived at Regensburg; he is sometimes called after the one and sometimes after the other city. A pupil of the great Tosafist Isaac ben Samuel of Dampierre, Baruch wrote Tosafot to… … Wikipedia
BARUCH (BEN ABRAHAM) OF KOSOV — (c. 1725/30–1795), kabbalist. He was a disciple of menahem mendel of Vitebsk and also studied with menahem mendel of Przemyslany for a short while. Baruch became Maggid in Kosov. In his sermons he tried to make the kabbalist doctrine, as taught… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF ALEPPO — (c. 1050–c. 1125), scholar. Baruch appears to have been born in Spain, where he studied together with his younger kinsman baruch b. samuel of Aleppo. From there he went to Aleppo where he was the head of a large yeshivah. From 1085 his signature… … Encyclopedia of Judaism