Aristobolus II

(d. 49 BC)
   Hasmonean king of Judea 67–63 BC. Aristobolus II was the younger son of Alexander JANNAI and SALOME ALEXANDRA. During the period of his mother’s rule, he was in command of the military forces. When she died in 67 BC he proclaimed himself king, ousting his elder brother HYRCANUS II. Four years later, a Roman army under Pompey took Jerusalem and installed Hyrcanus as ethnarch and high priest. Aristobolus was taken in captivity to Rome with two of his sons. In the course of his power struggle against Pompey, Julius Caesar had Aristobolus released, but in 49 BC he was killed by poisoning, presumably by Pompey’s agents.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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