- (d. 49 BC)Hasmonean king of Judea 67–63 BC. Aristobolus II was the younger son of Alexander JANNAI and SALOME ALEXANDRA. During the period of his mother’s rule, he was in command of the military forces. When she died in 67 BC he proclaimed himself king, ousting his elder brother HYRCANUS II. Four years later, a Roman army under Pompey took Jerusalem and installed Hyrcanus as ethnarch and high priest. Aristobolus was taken in captivity to Rome with two of his sons. In the course of his power struggle against Pompey, Julius Caesar had Aristobolus released, but in 49 BC he was killed by poisoning, presumably by Pompey’s agents.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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Aristobolus I, Judah — Hasmonean king of Judea 104–103 BC. The ethnarch and high priest HYRCANUS I was succeeded by his son Aristobolus I, who ruled for only one year before he died. His father meant him to be high priest, but he seized secular power, imprisoned his … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Hyrcanus II, John — (c. 103 BC–30 BC) Hasmonean high priest of Judea 63– 43 BC. Hyrcanus II was the weak but ambitious eldest son of the Hasmonean ruler Alexander JANNAI and SALOMEALEXANDRA. On the death of his father, his mother became ruler. She made Hyrcanus… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Hashmonean coinage — are the coins minted by the Hasmonean Kings. Only bronze coins in various denominations have been found; the smallest being a prutah or a half prutah. Two Roman silver denarii s are associated with the Hashmoneans; one has the inscription BACCIUS … Wikipedia
Pompey — (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) (106–48 BC) Roman leader. When the Hasmonean brothers HYRCANUS II and ARISTOBOLUS II were struggling with each other over the succession in Judea, both of them sought the support of the Roman triumvir Pompey with… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Salome Alexandra — Hasmonean queen of Judea 76–67 BC. The widow of ARISTOBOLUS I, Salome Alexandra married his brother Alexander JANNAI, whom she succeeded on the throne of Judea on his death in 76 BC. The seven years of her reign were a peaceful interlude for… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Gordian Knot — For other uses, see Gordian Knot (disambiguation). Alexander cuts the Gordian Knot, by Jean Simon Berthélemy (1743–1811) The Gordian Knot is a legend of Phrygian Gordium associated with Alexander the Great. It is often used as a metaphor … Wikipedia
History of Jerusalem — See also: Timeline of Jerusalem Jerusalem History … Wikipedia
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Aristobulus, S. — S. Aristobulus, Ep. (15. März). Gr. Αριστόβουλος = der beste Rathgeber etc. – Der hl. Aristobolus war nach den griechischen Menäen einer der 72 Jünger Jesu Christi und ein Bruder des hl. Apostels Barnabas. Er begleitete den hl. Paulus auf seinen… … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Alexandria in der Antike — Stadtplan des antiken Alexandria (Forschungsstand Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts) Alexandria (griechisch Ἀλεξάνδρεια Alexándreia) war neben Rom die größte Stadt der Antike. Als Hauptstadt des Ptolemäerreiches wuchs sie schnell zu einer… … Deutsch Wikipedia