Anilaeus and Asinaeus
- (1st century)Robber brothers who founded a state in Babylonia. Anilaeus and Asinaeus were apprenticed in the wool trade in Nehardea, in Babylonia, but were punished for laziness and fled towards the Euphrates. Here they were joined by other dissatisfied Jews and under the leadership of the brothers they formed a gang, built a fortress and began collecting ‘protection’ money from the surrounding farmers. They defeated a Babylonian force sent against them and were formally recognized by the king of Parthia. Their state lasted fifteen years. Asinaeus was poisoned by Anilaeus’s wife, and Anilaeus was routed by the Parthians and killed. His death was the signal for a general attack on the Jews by the Babylonians.The story of the two brothers is derived from the Antiquities of JOSEPHUS.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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ANILAEUS AND ASINAEUS — (first century C.E.), two Babylonian Jewish brothers who founded a robber state in Babylon and ruled it for 15 years (c. 20–35). Natives of Nehardea, Anilaeus and Asinaeus had been apprenticed by their mother to learn the weaving trade. Punished… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Asinaeus — See Anilaeus and Asinaeus … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
EXILARCH — (Aram. רֵישׁ גָּלוּתָא, resh galuta), lay head of the Jewish community in Babylon. (See Chart: Exilarchs of Parthian and Sasanid Periods and Chart: Babylonian Exilarchs.) Until the Arab Conquest The government of Babylonian Jewry for the first 12 … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BABYLONIA — BABYLONIA, ancient country in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers; corresponding approximately to modern iraq . Babylonia is the Greek form of the name babili – sometimes translated as gate of God – known from cuneiform texts … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JOSEPHUS FLAVIUS — (c. 37–after 100 C.E.), Jewish historian and one of the chief representatives of Jewish Hellenistic literature. BIOGRAPHY Early Life Born in Jerusalem into an aristocratic priestly family belonging to the mishmeret of Jehoiarib, through his… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
NISIBIS — (Neşibin, Nezibin), the modern townlet Nesib in S. Anatolia. Over a long period (under the Roman rule, until 363; and under the rule of Persia and the Arabs) Nisibis was a flourishing trading station on the commercial route from the Far East to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… … Universalium
Mesopotamia, history of — ▪ historical region, Asia Introduction history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world s earliest civilization developed. The name comes from a Greek word meaning “between rivers,” referring to the land between the Tigris and… … Universalium