- Anan ben-David
- (8th century)Babylonian founder of the Ananite sect. It is said that Anan fell out with the Babylonian rabbis because he was passed over in favour of his brother for the position of exilarch. The sect he founded, known as the Ananites, was a forerunner of the Karaite movement, that relied solely on scriptural authority, rejecting the Mishnah and the Talmud and the whole rabbinic tradition. They also differ from the Rabbinites in their very stringent interpretation of the laws governing prohibited degrees of relationship in marriage, and in their laws of ritual slaughter. From Palestine, Babylonia and Egypt, groups of Karaites spread to the Crimea (12 century) and Lithuania (13 century). Today there are still some Karaite communities in Eastern Europe and in Israel.Anan wrote Sefer ha-Mitzvot, in which he summarized Jewish law as derived from biblical exegesis, but his writings show how steeped in talmudic tradition he was. It was even written in Aramaic, the language of the Talmud. His strict interpretation and his ascetic approach appealed to the Karaites, who came to regard him as the founder of their movement.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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Anan Ben David — Pour les articles homonymes, voir David. Courants du judaïsme Fondamentaux Définitions : Judaïsme · Religion abrahamique · YHWH Courants apparentés au judaïsme : Mosaïsme · Yahwisme · … Wikipédia en Français
Anan ben David — ( he. ענן בן דוד) is often considered to be the founder of the Karaite movement (a form of Judaism that split off from rabbinic Judaism due to its rejection of the oral law), or at least the founder of one of the main groups forming the Karaite… … Wikipedia
ANAN BEN DAVID — (eighth century), ascetic sage in Babylonia, founder of the sect of Ananites (Heb. עֲנָנִיִּים, Ananiyyim; Ar. ʿAnāniyya) and regarded by the karaites as their founder. A tenth century Karaite account, related by al kirkisani , places his… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Anan ben David — Pour les articles homonymes, voir David. Anan ben David (hébreu : ענן בן דוד, (v. 715 v. 795 ou 811 ?), est souvent considéré comme le fondateur du karaïsme (forme de judaïsme qui se sépara du judaïsme rabbinique par le rejet de la loi… … Wikipédia en Français
Anan ben David — ▪ Jewish heretic flourished 8th century Persian Jew, founder of the Ananites, a heretical and antirabbinical order from which the still existing Karaite sect developed. Anan seems to have become prominent in the 760s, when he competed … Universalium
Anan ben David — (fl. 8th cent) Babylonian biblical scholar, founder of the Karaites. When his younger brother was appointed exilarch, he founded his own sect which opposed the talmudic tradition. In his Sepher ha Mitzvot he argues that the Bible was the sole… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
ANAN BEN MARINUS HA-KOHEN — (first half of 11th century), rabbi and poet. He lived in Siponto in southern Italy. According to zedekiah b. abraham anav , Anan handed down decisions concerning the order in which people should be called to the reading of the Torah, and ruled… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Solomon ben David — is the name of several figures in Israelite and Jewish history.# Solomon ben David was the son of King David who succeeded his father as King of Israel and founded the line of the Kings of Judah in the tenth century BCE. # Solomon ben David was a … Wikipedia
Juda ben David Hayyouj — Juda ben David Hayyuj Yehouda (Juda) ben David Ḥayyuj (hébreu : יהודה בן דוד חיוג׳, arabe : أبو زكريا يحيى بن داؤد حيوج Abu Zakariyya Yaḥya ibn Dawūd) est un rabbin, exégète et philologue andalou du Xe siècle (Fès, env. 945 –… … Wikipédia en Français
Juda ben David Ḥayyuj — Juda ben David Hayyuj Yehouda (Juda) ben David Ḥayyuj (hébreu : יהודה בן דוד חיוג׳, arabe : أبو زكريا يحيى بن داؤد حيوج Abu Zakariyya Yaḥya ibn Dawūd) est un rabbin, exégète et philologue andalou du Xe siècle (Fès, env. 945 –… … Wikipédia en Français