Yadin, Yigael

(1917–84)
   Israel soldier and archaeologist. Like so many others of his generation, Yadin had two careers: one military and one civilian. In both he reached the top.
   He was born in Jerusalem where his father, Eliezer SUKENIK, was professor of archaeology at the Hebrew University. Yigael, the eldest of three sons, was drawn to the same vocation, but from the age of seventeen his studies were constantly interrupted by Haganah duties. By 1944 he was operations officer of the Haganah, and returned to this post on the eve of the War of Independence. In 1949, he took part in the armistice negotiations with Egypt and Jordan. Soon after he succeeded Ya’acov Dori as chief-of-staff, with the rank of Rav Aloof (major- general). During his three years in this position, the organization of the army took shape, with a small permanent force of senior officers and instructors, field units of conscripts, and reserve units that could be swiftly mobilized in an emergency.
   In 1952, Yadin left the army and devoted himself fully to archaeology. He obtained his doctorate, taught at the Hebrew University from 1955 and in 1970 was appointed to the chair of archaeology previously held by his father. Through his excavations, articles, books and lecture tours abroad, he became known internationally.
   Yadin’s first major dig was at the eastern Galilee site of Hazor, the Ca-naanite city that was destroyed by Joshua in the 13 century BC, and afterwards became one of King Solomon’s chariot cities. Even more spectacular were the excavations of the rock fortress of Masada overlooking the Dead Sea, constructed by Herod and later held by the Jewish Zealots (see Eleazar ben-Ananias) against a Roman army until they committed mass suicide rather than surrender. The Masada dig was organized on a scale new in Israel, using thousands of Israel and overseas volunteers. Yadin also carried out exploration of the Judean caves near the Dead Sea and made important finds from the BAR-KOCHBA revolt of AD 135. His special field of research was the Dead Sea Scrolls, partly acquired by his father and partly by himself and housed in the Shrine of the Book at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. Yadin’s work did much to inspire the national cult of archaeology in Israel, since it confirmed and strengthened the consciousness of a return to the ancestral land.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • Yadin, Yigael — ▪ Israeli general and archaeologist original name Yigael Sukenik born March 21, 1917, Jerusalem died June 28, 1984, adera, Israel       Israeli archaeologist and military leader noted for his work on the Dead Sea Scrolls.       Yadin, the son of …   Universalium

  • Yadin, Yigael — (formerly Sukenik) (1917 84)    Israeli soldier, scholar, and statesman. He was the son of the noted archaeologist Eliezer Lipa Sukenik. Born in Jerusalem, he joined the Hagana at age 15. He left the Hagana in 1945 to pursue his education at the… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Yadin, Yigael — (1917 84)    Israeli archaeologist and soldier. He was born in Jerusalem. He became a member of the Haganah and served in various official positions: he was chief of operations during the Israeli War of Independence, and chief of staff of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Yigael Yadin — Yigaël Yadin Yigaël Yadin, entre 1949 et 1952. Yigaël Yadin (20 mars 1917 28 juin 1984) est un archéologue, politicien et militaire israélien. Il fut chef d Etat Major adjoint de Yaakov Dori au sein de Tsahal pendant la Guerre de Palestine de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yigael Yadin — Yigal Sukenik (hebreo: יגאל סוקניק) Teniente General, Comandante en Jefe Años de servicio 1932– …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yigael Yadin — Jigael Jadin, aufgenommen zwischen 1949 und 1952 Jigael Jadin (hebräisch ‏יגאל ידין‎; * 20. März 1917 in Jerusalem; † 28. Juni 1984 in Hadera) war ein israelischer Archäologe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • YADIN (Sukenik), YIGAEL — (1917–1984), Israeli archaeologist; second chief of staff, and politician, member of the Ninth Knesset. Born in Jerusalem, Yadin was the son of the archaeologist Eliezer lipa sukenik . He went to the Hebrew Gymnasium in Jerusalem, and at the age… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yigaël Yadin — Yigaël Yadin, entre 1949 et 1952. Yigaël Yadin (20 mars 1917 28 juin 1984) est un archéologue, politicien et militaire israélien. Il fut chef d Etat Major adjoint de Yaakov Dori au sein de Tsahal pendant la Guerre de Palestine de 1948 et lui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yadin (Name) — Yadin is a Hebrew name, used as both a first and last name, which comes from the root word din (law or judgment). Yadin is the future tense of the verb conjugated in the third person, meaning “(he) will enact justice,” “(he) will make law” or… …   Wikipedia

  • Yadin — is a Hebrew name, used as both a first and last name, which comes from the root word din (law or judgment). Yadin is the future tense of the verb conjugated in the third person, meaning “(he) will enact justice,” “(he) will make law” or “(he)… …   Wikipedia

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