Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman, Viscount

(1861–1936)
   British commander. Allenby was born in Brackenhurst Hall in Nottinghamshire. While still a young officer, he once confided to a friend that to have a garden and grow roses was the thing in life that appealed to him most. His physical size and strength, and his abrupt manner, earned him the army nickname ‘The Bull’; yet, according to the biography written by General Wavell, these surface characteristics belied his intelligence, moral scruples and kindliness.
   His fame as a soldier rests on his campaign in Palestine and Syria in World War I. In June 1917, he was appointed commander of the Egyptian Expeditionary Forces and launched an offensive against the Turks in October 1917. In the first phase he occupied Beersheba, forced the Turks to abandon Gaza, took the southern part of the country and captured Jerusalem. He entered the Holy City on foot and was greeted enthusiastically by the Jewish population. In September 1918, with reinforcements that included the Jewish Legion, Allenby won a brilliant victory at Megiddo, and pursued the Turks, capturing Damascus and Aleppo. He was made military governor of the conquered territory. In recognition of his achievement he was promoted to the rank of field marshal and created Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe. From 1919 to 1925, Allenby served as high commissioner to Egypt. While he was military governor in Palestine his attitude towards Zionism was ambivalent. He understood the importance of the Zionist movement for British imperial interests in the area, yet he was aware of the strong hostility felt by the Arabs of Palestine to the idea of the Jewish National Home. His attitude became more favourable later, and he delivered a warm speech at the laying of the foundation stone of the Hebrew University by Lord BALFOUR in 1925.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • ALLENBY, EDMUND HENRY HYNMAN, VISCOUNT° — (1861–1936), British soldier. Allenby commanded the Egyptian Expeditionary Forces which, in 1917–18, defeated the Turks in Palestine. In June 1917 he was sent to Cairo to succeed Sir Archibald Murray as commander of the British forces in Egypt… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount — ▪ British field marshal in full  Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and of Felixstowe  born April 23, 1861, Brackenhurst, near Southwell, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died May 14, 1936, London  field marshal, the last great… …   Universalium

  • Allenby (of Megiddo and of Felixstowe), Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount — born April 23, 1861, Brackenhurst, near Southwell, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died May 14, 1936, London British field marshal. He fought in the South African War and served as inspector general of cavalry (1910–14). In World War I, he commanded with… …   Universalium

  • Allenby — ist der Name von Greg Allenby (* 1956), US amerikanischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Robert Allenby (* 1971), australischer Profigolfer Viscount Allenby Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1. Viscount Allenby (1861–1936), britischer Feldmarschall,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Viscount Allenby — Edmund Allenby, 1. Viscount Allenby Viscount Allenby, of Megiddo and Felixstowe in der Grafschaft Suffolk, ist ein erblicher britischer Adelstitel in der Peerage of the United Kingdom, benannt nach der Familie Allenby. Stammsitz der Familie ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Viscount Allenby — Viscount Allenby, of Megiddo and of Felixstowe in the County of Suffolk, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 7 October 1919 for the prominent military commander Field Marshal Sir Edmund Allenby, with remainder, in… …   Wikipedia

  • Edmund — or Edmond [ed′mənd] n. 〚OE Eadmund < ead (see EDGAR1) + mund, hand, protection: see MANUAL〛 a masculine name: dim. Ed, Ned * * * (849–870) a …   Universalium

  • Allenby, British Columbia — Allenby was an important copper mining company town in the Similkameen Country of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, Canada, just south of the town of Princeton. It was for a short time the location of the Copper Mountain post office but… …   Wikipedia

  • Allenby —   [ ælənbɪ], Edmund Henry Hynman [ haɪnmæn], seit 1919 1. Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe [ ɔv me gɪdəʊ ænd fiːlɪkstəʊ], britischer Feldmarschall, * Brackenhurst Hall (bei Southwell, County Nottinghamshire) 23. 4. 1861, ✝ London 14. 5 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Allenby — [al′ən bē] Edmund Henry Hynman [hin′mən] 1st Viscount Allenby 1861 1936; Brit. army officer: commander of Brit. expeditionary forces in Egypt (1917 18) …   English World dictionary

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