Vitkin, Joseph

   Zionist labour pioneer. Vitkin emigrated to Palestine from Russia in 1897. He is chiefly known as one of the first Labour Zionists, and the principal author of a pamphlet entitled, ‘A Call to the Youth of Israel’, which appeared in 1905 and demanded personal aliyah. He supported the campaign to make Jewish farmowners employ Jewish rather than Arab labour and, going further, was one of the first to advocate that Jewish worker-pioneers should themselves found new agricultural settlements. Vitkin soon left agricultural work and for most of his working life was a school teacher and educator. The village of Kfar Vitkin on the coastal plain was named after him. VOGEL, Sir Julius 1835–99. New Zealand prime minister. Lured by the discovery of gold, Vogel left London for Australia at the age of seventeen. Having failed to strike it rich, he settled in New Zealand where he pioneered the first daily newspaper, the Otago Daily Times. Short and squat, with a huge black beard, he was an odd figure in the colony. But his strong character and financial acumen brought him to the top in political life. He served as prime minister in 1873–5 and again in 1876, and as colonial treasurer in 1869 and 1884. He was successful in negotiating British loans for New Zealand and occupied the coveted post of agent-general in London from 1876 to 1881. He was knighted in 1875.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • VITKIN, JOSEPH — (1876–1912), precursor of the Second Aliyah, teacher, and communal worker. Born in Mogilev, Belo russia, he went to Ereẓ Israel in 1897, where he worked as a laborer. Later he became a teacher and headmaster at a Gederah school, where his reforms …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Joseph Vitkin — (auch: Josef oder Yosef Vitkin; * 1876 in Weißrussland; † 23. Januar 1912) war ein zionistischer Pionier, der insbesondere durch seinen dramatischen Aufruf zur jüdischen Besiedlung Palästinas bekannt geworden ist. Sein Appell trug maßgeblich zum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • KEFAR VITKIN — (Heb. כְּפַר וִיתְקִין), moshav in the central Sharon (Ḥefer Plain), Israel, affiliated to Tenu at ha Moshavim. It was founded in 1933 by a group of veteran agricultural workers who were the first to come to the Ḥefer Plain (early 1930) and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HA-PO'EL HA-ẒA'IR — (Heb. הַפּוֹעֵל הַצָּעִיר; The Young Worker ), Ereẓ Israel labor party founded by the first pioneers of the Second Aliyah. Its full name was Histadrut ha Po alim ha Ẓe irim be Ereẓ Israel – and it was called Ha Po el ha Ẓa ir for short. Ha Po el… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POLITICAL LIFE AND PARTIES — Introduction It was largely due to the existence of the pre state political parties, which had conducted intensive political activities for almost half a century within the framework of the yishuv , under the British Mandate for Palestine, that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HISTORICAL SURVEY: THE STATE AND ITS ANTECEDENTS (1880–2006) — Introduction It took the new Jewish nation about 70 years to emerge as the State of Israel. The immediate stimulus that initiated the modern return to Zion was the disappointment, in the last quarter of the 19th century, of the expectation that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Irgun — ארגון Irgun Irgun emblem. The map shows the British Mandate of Palestine, which the Irgun claimed in its entirety for a future Jewish state. The acronym Etzel is written above the map, and raq kach ( only thus ) is written below. Active …   Wikipedia

  • ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALIYAH AND ABSORPTION — GENERAL SURVEY Introduction Aliyah, ascension or going up, is the coming of Jews as individuals or in groups, from exile or diaspora to live in the Land of Israel. Those who go up for this purpose are known as olim – a term used in the Bible for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dizengoff Prize — for Painting and Sculpture Awarded for painting and sculpture Presented by Municipality of Tel Aviv Yafo Country Israel First awarded 1937 The Dizengoff Prize for Painting and Sculpture is awarded annually by the Tel Avi …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.