Trumpeldor, Joseph

   Yishuv hero. Trumpeldor was the first Jew to receive a commission in the czarist army. This was a reward for his heroism in the defence of Port Arthur against the Japanese in 1904, in the course of which he lost his left arm and was captured and imprisoned in Japan. In the prison camp he produced a Zionist news-sheet in Russian for his Jewish fellow- prisoners.
   Trumpeldor emigrated to Palestine in 1912. He worked with JABOTINSKY in the efforts to form a Jewish Legion to fight on the side of the British in World War I and later served as second-in-command of the Zion Mule Corps at Gallipoli. After the February 1917 revolution he returned to Russia and tried to persuade the Provisional Government to form Jewish regiments that would serve in the Russian army and eventually break through to Palestine. After setting up the Hechalutz organization in Russia, Trumpeldor returned to Palestine in 1919. In early 1920 Jewish settlements in the north-east corner of the country (then under French rule) were threatened by attacks from Arab anti-French rebels. The Zionist leadership, including Jabotinsky, urged the Jewish population to withdraw for a while until order was re-established. But a few settlers, led by Trumpeldor, refused and concentrated at the colony of Tel Hai, near the present- day Kfar Giladi. The result was a massacre in which Trumpeldor was one of the first to fall. His defiance and heroic death in action became a symbol of resistance for the yishuv. The Labour Legion formed by arrivals from the Crimea shortly after his death was called by his name, and the Brit Trumpeldor (the Betar), a right-wing nationalist youth movement, was founded in his memory. It still exists as the youth branch of the Herut Party. The grave of Trumpeldor and his five companions is surmounted by the large monument of a lion with its head flung defiantly up-wards. A settlement on the slopes of Mount Gilboa is named in his memory.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TRUMPELDOR, JOSEPH — (1880–1920), soldier, symbol of pioneering and armed defense in Ereẓ Israel. Joseph s father, Ze ev (Vladimir; 1830–1915), was a soldier in the army of Nicholas I. His son Joseph, born in Pyatigorsk (northern Caucasus), was sent to a religious… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Trumpeldor, Joseph — (1880 1920)    A Zionist pioneer born in Russia, he settled in Palestine in 1912. He worked in Kibbutz De gania and participated in the defense of nearby Jewish settlements. Trumpeldor helped to organize the Jewish Legion, which served with the… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Trumpeldor, Joseph — (1880 1920)    Palestinian soldier. He was born in Pyatigorsk in the northern Caucasus. He volunteered for the Russian army and became an officer. In 1912 he moved to Palestine, where he attempted to found a co operative agricultural settlement.… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Joseph Trumpeldor — יוסף טרומפלדור Иосиф Трумпельдор Joseph Trumpeldor Lealtad Legión Judía (Imperio Británico) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joseph Trumpeldor — (4 décembre 1880 1er mars 1920, hébreu יוסף טרומפלדור, russe : Иосиф Трумпельдор) était un des premiers activistes sionistes. Il est connu pour son aide dans la création …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Trumpeldor — Joseph Trumpeldor Joseph Trumpeldor (* 4. Dezember 1880 in Pjatigorsk, Russland; † 1. März 1920 in Tel Hai, hebräisch יוסף טרומפלדור, russisch Иосиф Трумпельдор) war ein früher Zionist, der für die Hilfe bei der Organisation der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Trumpeldor — (* 21. Novemberjul./ 3. Dezember 1880greg. in Pjatigorsk, Russisches Kaiserreich; † 1. März 1920 in Tel Hai; hebräisch יוסף ט …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trumpeldor Ba' atika — (Беэр Шева,Израиль) Категория отеля: Адрес: Trumpeldor Joseph 21, Беэр Шева …   Каталог отелей

  • Joseph Trumpeldor — Infobox Military Person name=Joseph Trumpeldor lived= December 1, 1880 March 1, 1920 :) placeofbirth=Pyatigorsk, Russia placeofdeath= Tel Hai, Israel caption=Joseph Trumpeldor in uniform c. World War One nickname= allegiance= serviceyears= rank=… …   Wikipedia

  • Trumpeldor — n. family name; Joseph Trumpeldor (1880 1920), Russian born Zionist leader …   English contemporary dictionary

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