Theodosius II

   East Roman emperor 408–50. Theodosius was the compiler of the first official abstract of imperial decrees, the Theodosian Code, published in 438. In Book 16, chapters 8 and 9 of the code, is gathered together the legislation on the Jews then current. Judaism was once more proclaimed a tolerated cult, with the pro-viso that it should not offend the Christian faith. Yet the reign of Theodosius II saw a decisive worsening in the civil status of the Jews. They were treated as second-class citizens, subject to severe restrictions regarding the owning of slaves, pleading in the courts, and the holding of civil or military posts. The construction of new synagogues was forbidden; and when Patriarch Gamaliel ignored this prohibition, he was dismissed and the office abolished when he died. The title of patriarch was transferred to the bishop of Jerusalem in 451. There was a growing belief that the Jews perverted Christian rituals for their own worship. In the first year of his reign, Theodosius II had passed an edict against Purim festivities, on suspicion that the Jews burned effigies of the cross at that time. Later, an incident at Antioch, in Asia Minor, showed how much such stories took root in the popular mind. The Jews there were accused of suspending a Christian boy on the cross and flogging him. In retaliation, the outraged Christians of the town seized the synagogues. The Roman prefect of Syria notified the emperor, whereupon Theodosius promptly issued an injunction ordering the citizens to restore the buildings to their rightful owners. Horrified, the saintly Simon Stylites, from the pillar on which he dwelt, addressed a letter of protest to the emperor. So great was the authority of the hermit that Theodosius revoked his decree in 423 and dismissed the prefect. This episode foreshadowed later accusations against the Jews of ritual murder. Theodosius’ rule also saw the first example of an action later frequently resorted to by Western authorities when in 415 Cyril, bishop of Alexandria, expelled all the Jewish inhabitants of the town.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • Theodosius I. — Theodosius I. Theodosius I. (griechisch Θεοδόσιος A , eigentlich Flavius Theodosius), auch bekannt als Theodosius der Große (* 11. Januar 347 in Cauca, Spanien; † 17. Januar 395 in Mailand), war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodosius II. — Theodosius II. (griechisch Θεοδόσιος Β , * April 401; † 28. Juli 450), einziger Sohn der Aelia Eudoxia und des Arcadius, wurde siebenjährig oströmischer Kaiser. Im Codex Theodosianus ließ er die Gesetze und Verfügungen der römischen Kaiser… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodosius I — • Roman Emperor (also known as Flavius Theodosius), born in Spain, about 346; died at Milan, 17 January, 395 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Theodosius I     Theodosius I    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Theodosius — (from the Greek Θεοδόσιος , Giver of God ) is a name which might refer to one of several people:* One of three emperors of ancient Rome and Byzantium: ** Theodosius I (347 ndash;395; Theodosius the Great ), son of Count Theodosius ** Theodosius… …   Wikipedia

  • Theodosius — ist unter anderem der Name dreier römischer bzw. byzantinischer Kaiser: Theodosius I., der Große (347–395, oströmischer Kaiser, letzter Kaiser des Gesamtreiches), Theodosius II. (401–450, oströmischer Kaiser), Theodosius III. (715–717,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodosius — Theodosius,   römischer (oströmischer) Kaiser:    1) Theodosius I., der Große, römische Kaiser (seit 383, Mitkaiser seit 379), * Cauca (heute Coca) 11. 1. 347, ✝ Mediolanum (heute Mailand) 17. 1. 395, Großvater von 2). Durch Gratian 379 zum… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Theodosius — (Krugersdorp,Южно Африканская Республика) Категория отеля: Адрес: 2 du Plessis Street, O …   Каталог отелей

  • THEODOSIUS I° — THEODOSIUS I°, Roman emperor, 379–395 C.E. Although Theodosius, an orthodox Christian, was responsive to the influence of the church, he subordinated it to his authority. During his reign, and in the reigns of his sons Arcadius and honorius , the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • THEODOSIUS II° — (Flavius Theodosius Junior), Roman emperor of the East, 408–450 C.E. Theodosius II edited the first official collection of the imperial statutes from the time of Constantine to the year 438, the year of publication of the Theodosian Code (C. Th.) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • THEODOSIUS — THEODOSIUS, spokesman for the Samaritan community of alexandria in the second century B.C.E. During the reign of Ptolemy VI Philometor (180–145 B.C.E.) a dispute arose between the Jews and Samaritans of Alexandria. The quarrel centered around the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Theodosius I — [thē΄ə dō′shəs, thē΄dō′shē əs] ( Flavius Theodosius) A.D. 346? 395; Rom. general: emperor of Rome (379 395): called the Great Theodosian adj …   English World dictionary

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