Theodosius I

(c. 346–95)
   Roman emperor 379–95. Theodosius was the last to exercise undivided rule over the whole of the Roman Empire, before it split into East and West. While a devout Christian, he was anxious to assert the supremacy of imperial law. Since the practice of the Jewish religion was lawful, he protected the Jews against the fanaticism of the clergy, and intervened against the burning of synagogues. He had frequent occasion to try to restrain the zeal of John CHRYSOSTOM of Antioch, who fulminated against the Jews from the pulpit.
   The emperor continued to recognize the authority of the Jewish patriarch in Palestine, confirming his right to excommunicate members of his community, and forbidding the secular authorities to interfere in the domestic affairs of the Jews. On the other hand, he damaged their economic life by allowing Jewish- owned slaves in certain cases to be converted to Christianity and lost to their Jewish masters without redress.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • Theodosius I. — Theodosius I. Theodosius I. (griechisch Θεοδόσιος A , eigentlich Flavius Theodosius), auch bekannt als Theodosius der Große (* 11. Januar 347 in Cauca, Spanien; † 17. Januar 395 in Mailand), war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodosius II. — Theodosius II. (griechisch Θεοδόσιος Β , * April 401; † 28. Juli 450), einziger Sohn der Aelia Eudoxia und des Arcadius, wurde siebenjährig oströmischer Kaiser. Im Codex Theodosianus ließ er die Gesetze und Verfügungen der römischen Kaiser… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodosius I — • Roman Emperor (also known as Flavius Theodosius), born in Spain, about 346; died at Milan, 17 January, 395 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Theodosius I     Theodosius I    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Theodosius — (from the Greek Θεοδόσιος , Giver of God ) is a name which might refer to one of several people:* One of three emperors of ancient Rome and Byzantium: ** Theodosius I (347 ndash;395; Theodosius the Great ), son of Count Theodosius ** Theodosius… …   Wikipedia

  • Theodosius — ist unter anderem der Name dreier römischer bzw. byzantinischer Kaiser: Theodosius I., der Große (347–395, oströmischer Kaiser, letzter Kaiser des Gesamtreiches), Theodosius II. (401–450, oströmischer Kaiser), Theodosius III. (715–717,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodosius — Theodosius,   römischer (oströmischer) Kaiser:    1) Theodosius I., der Große, römische Kaiser (seit 383, Mitkaiser seit 379), * Cauca (heute Coca) 11. 1. 347, ✝ Mediolanum (heute Mailand) 17. 1. 395, Großvater von 2). Durch Gratian 379 zum… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Theodosius — (Krugersdorp,Южно Африканская Республика) Категория отеля: Адрес: 2 du Plessis Street, O …   Каталог отелей

  • THEODOSIUS I° — THEODOSIUS I°, Roman emperor, 379–395 C.E. Although Theodosius, an orthodox Christian, was responsive to the influence of the church, he subordinated it to his authority. During his reign, and in the reigns of his sons Arcadius and honorius , the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • THEODOSIUS II° — (Flavius Theodosius Junior), Roman emperor of the East, 408–450 C.E. Theodosius II edited the first official collection of the imperial statutes from the time of Constantine to the year 438, the year of publication of the Theodosian Code (C. Th.) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • THEODOSIUS — THEODOSIUS, spokesman for the Samaritan community of alexandria in the second century B.C.E. During the reign of Ptolemy VI Philometor (180–145 B.C.E.) a dispute arose between the Jews and Samaritans of Alexandria. The quarrel centered around the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Theodosius I — [thē΄ə dō′shəs, thē΄dō′shē əs] ( Flavius Theodosius) A.D. 346? 395; Rom. general: emperor of Rome (379 395): called the Great Theodosian adj …   English World dictionary

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