Tam, Jacob ben-Meir (Rabbenu)
- (c. 1110–71)French scholar. A grandson of the great RASHI, Tam was a prosperous wine producer and moneylender in Ramerupt, northern France. It is related that he was wounded in an attempt to convert him by force in the religious fervour whipped up during the Second Crusade, and was rescued by a passing knight. All the Jewish scholars in Europe of the day - even those as far afield as Italy, Spain and Russia - acknowledged the authority of Rabbenu (‘our Master’) Tam, as he was called. Students came from far and wide to study in his school. At one of the most important Jewish assemblies of the time, the synod of Champagne over which he presided, Rabbenu Tam ruled that the Jews must settle their disputes among themselves and refrain from appealing to the gentile courts. There was barely anything affecting Jewish life of the period with which he was not concerned, from the rights of Jewish slaves who escaped to freedom in the Holy Land, to the ritual murder charge in Blois in 1171, when the community was accused of having thrown a Christian boy into the river and fifty of them were burned to death. Of an authoritarian nature, Rabbenu Tam was criticized for being high-handed with anyone who opposed him. Tam was the chief of the tosafists, the men who wrote comments on points in the Babylonian Talmud which were designed as ‘additions’ (tosafot) to Rashi’s commentary.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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TAM, JACOB BEN MEIR — (Rabbenu; c. 1100–1171), tosafist and leading French scholar of the 12th century. Rabbenu Tam was the grandson of rashi and the son of meir b. samuel , Rashi s son in law. His teachers were his father, his brother samuel , and jacob b. samson , a … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Tam, Jacob ben Meir — ▪ French Judaic scholar born 1100, Ramerupt, France died June 9, 1171, Troyes French Jew, an outstanding Talmudic authority of his time, who was responsible for a series of far reaching decisions governing relationships between Christians… … Universalium
Jacob ben Meir Tam — Rabbenu Tam (* um 1100 in Ramerupt; † 9. Juni 1171 in Troyes; eigentlich Jacob ben Meir Tam) war ein führender jüdischer Gelehrter im Frankreich des 12. Jahrhunderts und Verfasser von Tosafot, d. h. Kommentaren zum Talmud. Er ist ein Enkel von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Meir ben Samuel — Meïr ben Samuel, also known by the Hebrew acronym RaM for Rabbi Meir, was a French rabbi and tosafist, who was born in about 1060 in Ramerupt, and died after 1135. His father was an eminent scholar. Meïr received his education in the Talmudical… … Wikipedia
Rabbenu — see Tam, Jacob ben Meir … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Rabbenu Tam — (* um 1100 in Ramerupt; † 9. Juni 1171 in Troyes; eigentlich Jacob ben Meir Tam) war ein führender jüdischer Gelehrter im Frankreich des 12. Jahrhunderts und Verfasser von Tosafot, d. h. Kommentaren zum Talmud. Er ist ein Enkel von Raschi und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
BEN SṬADA — BEN SṬADA, or Ben Sṭara, a person mentioned in two apparently unrelated passages in the Tosefta, identified in later tradition with Ben Pandira (Jesus). The first passage is found in Tosefta Shabbat (11:15), which reports a dispute concerning… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Rabbeinu Tam — Rabbenu Tam (* um 1100 in Ramerupt; † 9. Juni 1171 in Troyes; eigentlich Jacob ben Meir Tam) war ein führender jüdischer Gelehrter im Frankreich des 12. Jahrhunderts und Verfasser von Tosafot, d. h. Kommentaren zum Talmud. Er ist ein Enkel von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sefer haYashar (Rabbenu Tam) — Sefer HaYashar, ( he. ספר הישר, the Book of the Upright ) is a famous treatise on Jewish ritual authored by Rabbenu Tam, (Rabbi Jacob ben Meir, 1100 1171). The work, which survives in a somewhat incomplete and amended form, was printed in Venice… … Wikipedia
EPHRAIM BEN ISAAC — (of Regensburg; 1110–1175), tosafist, member of the bet din of Regensburg, and the greatest of the paytanim (liturgical poets) of Germany. Among his teachers were isaac b. asher ha levi and isaac b. mordecai of Regensburg. He was held in great… … Encyclopedia of Judaism