Szold, Henrietta

   Founder of Hadassah and Head of Youth Aliyah. Daughter of a Baltimore rabbi, Henrietta Szold was given a sound Jewish and Hebrew education. She worked for many years as literary editor of the Jewish Publication Society of America, helping to translate and publish GRAETZ’S History of the Jews and other important European works of Jewish interest.
   She was an early pre-HERZL Zionist, and her convictions were fortified by contact with the Russian Jewish immigrants for whom she conducted night classes. In 1909 she visited Palestine with her mother and was appalled by the low standard of health services.
   In 1912 Miss Szold was one of the Women’s Zionist Organization. It was called after Queen Esther’s Hebrew name in the Bible, and took as its motto the phrase from Jeremiah, ‘…for the healing of the daughter of my people’. Hadassah grew into the largest Zionist body in the world, with 325,000 members in over thirteen hundred chapters throughout the United States. It built the Hadassah Hospital on Mount Scopus in Jerusalem, and when that was cut off in 1948, constructed the great Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Centre at Ain Kerem, to the west of the city. At Miss Szold’s instigation Hadassah later developed vocational training centres as well.
   At the end of World War I, she organized the American Zionist Medical unit sent to Palestine which in 1922, became the Hadassah Medical Organization. Henrietta Szold herself settled there in 1920. She became a highly respected figure in the yishuv, and was active in its social concerns. In 1927 she was the first woman to be elected a member of the Jewish Agency Executive, in charge of health and social welfare. She was given similar responsibilities in the Va’ad Leumi (Jewish National Council).
   After the rise of Hitler to power, Miss Szold helped organize and then directed Youth Aliyah, the remarkable movement for the rescue and immigration of children and minors from Nazi Germany, and from Arab countries where the Jews were oppressed. In the twelve years that she directed it, Youth Aliyah saved and settled in Palestine about 30,000 children, a great number of them orphans. They were placed in children’s villages and learnt agricultural skills as well as doing a regular school syllabus. Miss Szold supervised every detail, and personally met whenever possible each incoming group. A special stamp was issued in Israel on the centenary of her birth, depicting Hadassah and the Hebrew University Medical Centre in the background, Many memorials to Henrietta Szold exist in Israel.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SZOLD, HENRIETTA — (1860–1945), founder of hadassah , the Women s Zionist Organization of America, and organizational leader and political figure in Palestine. Szold was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Her parents, Sophie (Schaar) and Rabbi Benjamin Szold, had arrived …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Szold,Henrietta — Szold (zōld), Henrietta. 1860 1945. American Zionist leader who was a founder of Hadassah (1912), the Women s Zionist Organization of America. * * * …   Universalium

  • Szold, Henrietta — ▪ American Zionist leader born Dec. 21, 1860, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Feb. 13, 1945, Jerusalem       American Jewish leader, who was a founder of Hadassah, the Women s Zionist Organization of America.       Szold was of a German speaking… …   Universalium

  • Szold, Henrietta — (1860 1945)    American Zionist and philanthropist. Born in Baltimore. In 1912 she organized Hadassah, the Women s Zionist Organization of America. She was the first woman to become a member of the executive of the Zionist Organization, in which… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Szold — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Benjamin Szold (1829–1902), ungarisch amerikanischer Rabbiner, Vater von Henrietta Szold Henrietta Szold (1860–1945), Aktivistin des frühen Zionismus Szold ist der Name folgender Orte: Kfar Szold, Kibbuz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henrietta Szold — (* 21. Dezember 1860 in Baltimore; † 13. Februar 1945 in Jerusalem) war eine bedeutende Aktivistin des frühen Zionismus. Sie war Erzieherin, Autorin, Sozialarbeiterin und 1912 Gründerin der amerikanischen zionistischen Frauenorganisation Hadassah …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henrietta Szold — (December 21, 1860 ndash; February 13, 1945) was a U.S. Jewish Zionist leader and founder of the Hadassah Women s Organization. BiographyHenrietta Szold was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the daughter of a rabbi, Benjamin Szold, who was the… …   Wikipedia

  • SZOLD, ROBERT — (1889–1977), U.S. lawyer and Zionist. Szold, who was born in Streator, Illinois, graduated from Knox College in Illinois (1909). He served as assistant attorney general in Puerto Rico (1915) and assistant to U.S. Solicitor General John W. Davis… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SZOLD, BENJAMIN — (1829–1902), U.S. rabbi and scholar. Szold was born in Nemiskert, Hungary, where his family owned land. Although they were the only Jews in town, he received an excellent Jewish education from the rabbis in the area. At the age of 16, or 14… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Szold — may refer to:* Henrietta Szold, founder of the Hadassah Women s Organization * Kfar Szold, a kibbutz in Israel * Benjamin Szold, an American rabbi …   Wikipedia

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